Méthodes et modèles pour l’étude de la mobilité des personnes par l’exploitation de données de radiotéléphonie

Abstract : This work stands on the close relationship that exists between two areas one use every day, namely transportation and telecommunications. Due to a daily and intensive usage of both networks, actors of each area raise up some needs to ensure delivered services and their quality to their end-users. Then, we propose to the actor of transportation measurement of performed trips that can be treated with the knowledge of the transportation actors trade in order to ease the decision making process on matters that go from land uses up to network operation. The methodologies presented here from trip measurement are based on the exploitation of the digital footprints that are fund within a telecommunication network. Those footprints are reflecting how the network is used and already exist for operating purposes. The methods proposed in this work result from our knowledge of the telecommunication mechanisms and the huge amount of data that are generated at every time and every place where Orange is operating. We introduce that mobile equipment embedded onto individuals of whom we capture their activity can lead to estimate trips attributes, origin-destination trip tables, quality of service indicators and quantification of explain factor of trip choices. We also show how the mining of usage relationship through signaling data can lead to the characterization of land use
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Chloé Milion. Méthodes et modèles pour l’étude de la mobilité des personnes par l’exploitation de données de radiotéléphonie. Calcul [stat.CO]. Université Paris-Est, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC1199⟩. ⟨tel-01375655⟩

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