Numerical and experimental study of machining titanium-composite stacks

Abstract : In modern aerospace industry, the use of hybrid CFRP/Ti stacks has experienced an increasing trend because of their enhanced mechanical/physical properties and flexible structural functions. In spite of their widespread applications, machining hybrid CFRP/Ti stacks in one-shot time still consists of the main scientific and technological challenge in the multimaterial fastening. Compared to the high cost of pure experimental investigations on the multimaterial machining, this study aims to provide an improved CFRP/Ti cutting comprehension via both numerical and experimental methodologies. To this aim, an FE model by using the cohesive zone concept was established to construct the anisotropic machinability of the bimaterial structure. The numerical work aims to provide preliminary inspections of the key cutting mechanisms dominating the hybrid CFRP/Ti stack machining. Afterward, some systematic experimental work including orthogonal cutting and hole drilling was carefully performed versus different input cutting conditions. A special focus was made on the study of the effects of different cutting-sequence strategies on CFRP/Ti cutting output and induced interface damage formation. The combined numerical-experimental studies provide the key findings aiming to (i) reveal the activated mechanisms controlling interface cutting and subsequent interface damage formation, (ii) clarify the influences of different cutting-sequence strategies on hybrid CFRP/Ti stack machining, (iii) outline the machinability classification of hybrid CFRP/Ti stacks, and (iv) analyze finally the parametric effects of the material/tool geometry on cutting CFRP/Ti stacks.
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Jinyang Xu. Numerical and experimental study of machining titanium-composite stacks. Engineering Sciences [physics]. École Nationale Supérieure d'Arts et Métiers, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016ENAM0022⟩. ⟨tel-01395481⟩

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