Amplification d'impulsions femtosecondes dans des amplificateurs à base de cristaux dopés Ytterbium

Julien Pouysegur 1, 2
Abstract : The development of laser sources delivering femtosecond pulses at high repetition rate is one of the main axe of reaserch of these 10 past years and is a key for many industrial and scientific applications. In one hand, fiber lasers allow to reach high average power sources, but the strong confinment of the light leads to high nonlinearities limiting output pulse energy. In the other hand, bulk amplifiers cannot provide as short pulse duration as fiber lasers because of crystals spectroscopic properties. However they can reach higher energy. Usually nonlinear effects are deletarious and limit output temporal pulse quality. A technic to tailor and exploid positively these nonlinearities in order to obtain shorter pulses together with high pulse energy in bulk regenerative amplifier is presented in this thesis.Negative dispersion managment prior amplification permits to precompensate the amplifier positive dispersion together with the accumulated nonlinear phase aquired during amplification. In order to deliver ultrashort pulses with an excellent temporal quality theoritical studies have been carried out to optimise the paramaters. By considering dispersion, nonlinearities and limited gain bandwidth, we could demonstrated sub-100 fs pulses with a peak power of hundreds of MW. These results established new pulse duration record in high gain (50 dB) bulk amplifiers.Another study allowed to design new amplifier geometries for power scaling. This has been done by using slab crystal geometry to improved heat dissipation. More than 60W average power has been demonstrated, highlighting the potential of such architecture for high power lasers. We also studied limitations of such design, especially thermal degradation effects, which are one of the main issues of high power bulk amplifier.5 articles have been written thanks to these theoritical and experimental results and have been presented in 10 conferences. As industrial results Amplitude Systemes has lunched into market two new lines of products: a compact and all integrated laser and a TANGOR 100 W.
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Julien Pouysegur. Amplification d'impulsions femtosecondes dans des amplificateurs à base de cristaux dopés Ytterbium. Optique [physics.optics]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLO005⟩. ⟨tel-01403321⟩

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