Développement d’un simulateur de cuisson pour l’étude du couplage entre les transferts d’énergie et de matière et les cinétiques de réactions de Maillard ayant lieu au cours de la cuisson de produits céréaliers de type génoise

Abstract : The thesis is a preliminary study on the development and validation of a methodology to predict the progress of Maillard reactions during the baking of sponge cake. The aim of this work is to develop experimental tools to track markers and reaction process variables synchronously. Initially, we proposed a reaction scheme based on experimental knowledge of the volatile compounds generated during sponge cake baking and literature data. Then, a pilot oven was designed and instrumented. Two non-invasive sampling devices to collect the sponge cakes and baking vapors continuously (during baking) have been developed and validated. The volatiles sampling device is a system that ensures the trapping of volatile compounds released during the cake baking. After we have stabilized the thermal environment of the extraction and optimized the method for the selected markers, we examined the repeatability, linearity and robustness of the method and capacity of such a method to quantify some aroma compounds released during the cake baking. Fot this reason, the proportionality coefficients between the concentrations in the gas phase and the SPME fiber were determined. Finally, we were interested in the acquisition of kinetic data markers with validated tools to observe the selected reaction scheme. The baking experiments were conducted using at three air temperatures, 140 ° C, 170 ° C and 200 ° C. The degradation of the reactants and the generation of reaction products appear to be closely related to studied process variables (temperature, moisture, humidity). Also tracking the evolution of precursors during the baking of the sponge cakes shows that although the Maillard reaction is still predominant, other reactions are involved in their degradation after baking, probably the caramelization and the isomerization of sugars reactions.
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Souad Fehaili. Développement d’un simulateur de cuisson pour l’étude du couplage entre les transferts d’énergie et de matière et les cinétiques de réactions de Maillard ayant lieu au cours de la cuisson de produits céréaliers de type génoise. Ingénierie des aliments. AgroParisTech, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010AGPT0053⟩. ⟨tel-01415791⟩

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