Nouveaux schémas de convection pour les écoulements à surface libre

Abstract : The purpose of this thesis is to build higher order and less diffusive schemes for pollutant transport in shallow water flows or 3D free surface flows. We want robust schemes which respect the main mathematical properties of the advection equation with relatively low numerical diffusion and apply them to environmental industrial applications. Two techniques are tested in this work: a classical finite volume method and a residual distribution technique combined with a finite element method. For both methods we propose a decoupled approach since it is the most advantageous in terms of accuracy and CPU time. Concerning the first technique, a vertex-centred finite volume method is used to solve the augmented shallow water system where the numerical flux is computed through an Harten-Lax-Van Leer-Contact Riemannsolver [135]. Starting from this solution, a decoupled approach is formulated and is preferred since it allows to compute with a larger time step the advection of a tracer. This idea was inspired by [13]. The Monotonic Upwind Scheme for Conservation Law [89], combined with the decoupled approach, is then used for the second order extension in space. The wetting and drying problem is also analysed and a possible solution is presented. In the second case, the shallow water system is entirely solved using the finite element technique and the residual distribution method is applied to the solution of the tracer equation, focusing on the case of time-dependent problems. However, for consistency reasons the resolution of the continuity equation must be considered in the numerical discretization of the tracer. In order to get second order schemes for unsteady cases a predictor-corrector scheme [112] is used in this work. A first order but less diffusive version of the predictor-corrector scheme is also introduced. Moreover, we also present a new locally semi-implicit version of the residual distribution method which, in addition to good properties in terms of accuracy and stability, has the advantage to cope with dry zones. The two methods are first validated on academical test cases with analytical solution in order to assess the order of the schemes. Then more complex cases are addressed to test the robustness of the schemes and their performance under different flow conditions. Finally a real test case for which real data are available is carried out. An extension of the predictor-corrector residual distribution schemes to the 3D case is presented as final contribution. Even in this case the RD technique is completely compatible with the finite element framework used for the Navier-Stokes equations, thus its extension to the 3D case does not present any extra theoretical problem. The method is tested on preliminary cases
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Sara Pavan. Nouveaux schémas de convection pour les écoulements à surface libre. Mécanique des fluides [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Est, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1011⟩. ⟨tel-01416527⟩

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