Rénovation énergétique de l'habitat en France : analyse microéconométrique du choix des ménages.

Abstract : Little research has been done to date on French households’ preferences for energy retrofits in the dwelling. However, the economic role of these choices is crucial for implementing an effective and realistic energy policy in the residential sector, both in terms of proposed aid and targets. Are households interested in retrofits with high energy-savings potential? How much are they willing to pay and is it sufficient to cover the up-front costs? How many households have no choice of heating system, and what is their profile?This work sets out to answer these questions empirically using discrete choice models. It starts by analyzing the technical, socio-demographic and spatial constraints that face households and create barriers to domestic energy choices. A method to detect household constraint is devised and applied to the choice of space heating system in 2006 and 2013. The second stage analyzes household preferences for heating equipment and retrofits. This second part is based on a discrete choice experiment specially carried out for this research among 2,000 households. This work sheds light on households’ preferences and heterogeneity, as well as their willingness to pay, the implicit discount rate and other economic impacts.
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Elena Stolyarova. Rénovation énergétique de l'habitat en France : analyse microéconométrique du choix des ménages.. Economies et finances. PSL Research University, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEM011⟩. ⟨tel-01419489⟩

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