Multi-scale Analysis of the Fatigue of Shape Memory Alloys

Abstract : Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) is a typical smart material having many applications from aerospace industry, mechanical and civil engineering, to biomedical devices, where the material’s fatigue is a big concern. One of the challenging issues in studying the fatigue behaviors of SMA polycrystals is the interaction between the material damage and the martensitic phase transformation which takes place in a macroscopic homogeneous mode or a heterogeneous mode (forming macroscopic patterns (Lüders-like bands) due to the localized deformations and localized heating/cooling). Such pattern formation and evolution imply the governing physical mechanisms in the material system such as the fatigue process, but there is still no fatigue study of SMAs by tracing the macro-band patterns and the local material responses. To bridge this gap, systematic tensile fatigue experiments are conducted on pseudoelastic NiTi polycrystalline strips by in-situ optical observation on the band-pattern evolutions and by tracing the deformation history of the cyclic phase transformation zones where fatigue failure occurs. These experimental results help to better understand the stress- and frequency-dependent fatigue behaviors. Particularly, it is found that the local residual strain rather than the structural nominal/global residual strain is a good indicator on the material’s damage leading to the fatigue failure, which is important for understanding and modeling the fatigue process in SMAs.
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Lin Zheng. Multi-scale Analysis of the Fatigue of Shape Memory Alloys. Mechanics of the solides [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLY011⟩. ⟨tel-01422026⟩

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