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Etude ‘in-situ’ et en laboratoire sur le comportement dynamique des matériaux constitutifs des plateformes ferroviaires classiques dans le contexte d'augmentation du trafic

Abstract : As in other European countries, in France the conventional lines constitute the main part of the whole railway network (94%) and they are generally over a century old. Nowadays, facing the demand of upgrading both the traffic load and speed, it is of paramount importance to acquire good knowledge on the corresponding impact on the mechanical behaviour of tracks, at both short and long terms. In this context, this PhD work aims at investigating the influence of train speed and axle load on the dynamic behaviour of materials constituting the conventional track-beds, through both ‘in-situ’ monitoring and laboratory testing. For the field monitoring, a representative track was selected from the French conventional network following well-defined criteria. The selected site underwent a geophysical and geotechnical prospection, allowing the site critical speed and the geotechnical properties of different soils constituting the track-bed to be determined. The first data allowed assessing the influence of the track state conditions and the traffic loading on the measurements of each sensor. The train speed and axle load impacts on the vertical stress, deflection/strain, in particular their amplifications with speed increase were evaluated based on the data with an Intercity test train running at different speeds from 60 km/h to 200 km/h and the different axle loads applied by Coaches (105 kN/axle) and Locomotive (225 kN/axle). A statistical analysis was made to assess the variability of track response and their dynamic amplification with speed based on the data with passages of commercial trains. The dynamic amplification of track response due to train speed was found to be directly related to the ratio of train speed to the surface wave velocity. The laboratory test conditions were defined based on the field measurements. A material representative of an interlayer soil was prepared and tested in a large-scale cyclic triaxial cell to investigate its mechanical behaviour. Both Sine-shaped and M-shaped loads were applied and in addition, two water contents were considered. The variations of dynamic parameters such as resilient modulus and damping ratio with number of cycles were assessed, and the effects of loading parameters such as consolidation pressure, load shape, load amplitude and load frequency were investigated. The effect of water content was studied as well. It was observed that the response of energy developed during cyclic loading is an important parameter controlling the soil mechanical behaviour at both small and large numbers of cycles. Also, the Sine-shaped loading was found more aggressive than M-shaped loading since the former results in higher energy and therefore larger soil deformation. This is particularly the case when the soil is saturated. Based on the results obtained in the field and laboratory, two 2-D analytical models were developed allowing the description of vertical stress and vertical deflection transmissions in track-beds. Some mechanical parameters such as the moduli of track-bed layers, their damping ratios, thicknesses as well as the average track surface wave velocity were found to be the key parameters governing the track dynamic behaviour. A comparison between field and laboratory results was also made. The track response to the loading by different train types, considering equivalent loads but different spatial loading configurations from TER and TGV train axles is presented. It was found that for each monitored position in the track, the response energy was higher for TGV than for TER. This larger developed energy suggests a higher aggressiveness to the track structure. Thus, the energy response is a key indicator to be taken into account when performing a track mechanical behaviour monitoring
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 3, 2017 - 3:45:07 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01425466, version 1



Francisco Lamas-Lopez. Etude ‘in-situ’ et en laboratoire sur le comportement dynamique des matériaux constitutifs des plateformes ferroviaires classiques dans le contexte d'augmentation du trafic. Mechanics of materials [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Est, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1130⟩. ⟨tel-01425466⟩



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