Nanostructuration d'or pour la biodétection plasmonique et la diffusion Raman exaltée de surface : réalisation, caractérisation et modélisation

Abstract : This thesis is focused on gold nanostructuration on glass substrate in order to study and optimize their plasmonic properties for biosensing applications. The main goal was to demonstrate the feasibility of combining on a single biochip, Surface Plasmon Resonance Imaging (SPRI) and Surface Enhanced Raman Scattering (SERS) measurements. We have demonstrated that adding a gold film under the nanostructures was highly beneficial for a dual SPRI-SERS characterization. In order to optimize the geometry of the nanostructures and understand the various plasmonic modes, most of the samples were first made by electron beam lithography. Nanoimprinting assisted by UV (UV-NIL) was also developed during this thesis to manufacture samples in large quantities and reply to the future industrial needs for biosensing applications. Performances of these UV-NIL samples were compared with those produced by e-beam lithography. Diameters and periods of gold nanodisks range respectively from 40 nm to 300 nm and 80 nm to 600 nm, depending on the manufacturing technique used. In SERS, enhancement factor of 10^6 to 10^8 were obtained thanks to the presence of the continuous gold film under the nanodisks array. We found that this gain is a function of the thickness of the gold film, the excitation wavelength used and the nanostructures filling factor. In SPRI, we have demonstrated experimentally and theoretically the existence of a coupling between the propagating and localized plasmonic modes, resulting in a new hybrid mode, potentially more sensitive due to its high confinement. Numerical models confirm these results, taking into account the defects found in real samples (rounded edges, imperfect lateral side, adhesion layer). The whole work proposes a better understanding, both experimentally and theoretically, of the plasmonic properties at nanoscale of gold nanostructures with and without an underlying gold film. Moreover, a detailed study of the different technological processes helps to understand which steps significantly impact the plasmonic properties of the samples and their performance as a biosensor. Finally, these samples were characterized and validated on a bimodal instrument SPRI-SERS.
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Jean-François Bryche. Nanostructuration d'or pour la biodétection plasmonique et la diffusion Raman exaltée de surface : réalisation, caractérisation et modélisation. Optique [physics.optics]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLO015⟩. ⟨tel-01446175⟩

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