Contributions to collaborative clustering and its potential applications on very high resolution satellite images

Abstract : This thesis presents several algorithms developed in the context of the ANR COCLICO project and contains two main axis: The first axis is concerned with introducing Markov Random Fields (MRF) based models to provide a semantic rich and suited algorithm applicable to images that are already segmented. This method is based on the Iterated Conditional Modes Algorithm (ICM algorithm) and can be applied to the segments of very high resolution (VHR) satellite pictures. Our proposed method can cope with highly irregular neighborhood dependencies and provides some low level semantic information on the clusters and their relationship within the image. The second axis deals with collaborative clustering methods developed with the goal of being applicable to as many clustering algorithms as possible, including the algorithms used in the first axis of this work. A key feature of the methods proposed in this thesis is that they can deal with either of the following two cases: 1) several clustering algorithms working together on the same data represented in different feature spaces, 2) several clustering algorithms looking for similar clusters in different data sets having similar distributions. Clustering algorithms to which these methods are applicable include the ICM algorithm, the K-Means algorithm, density based algorithms such as DB-scan, all Expectation-Maximization (EM) based algorithms such as the Self-Organizing Maps (SOM) and the Generative Topographic Mapping (GTM) algorithms. Unlike previously introduced methods, our models have no restrictions in term of types of algorithms that can collaborate together, do not require that all methods be looking for the same number of clusters, and are provided with solid mathematical foundations.
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Jérémie Sublime. Contributions to collaborative clustering and its potential applications on very high resolution satellite images. Other [cs.OH]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLA005⟩. ⟨tel-01447431v2⟩

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