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Stabilité des solitons et des multi-solitons pour l'équation de Landau-Lifschitz

Abstract : In this thesis, we study the one-dimensional Landau-Lifshitz equation with an easy-plane aniso-tropy. This equation describes the dynamics of the magnetization in a ferromagnetic material. It owns travelling-wave solutions called solitons.We begin by proving the asymptotic stability in the energy space of non-zero speed solitons More precisely, we show that any solution corresponding to an initial datum close to a soliton with non-zero speed, is weakly convergent in the energy space as time goes to infinity, to a soliton with a possible different non-zero speed, up to the geometric invariances of the equation. Our analysis relies on the ideas developed by Martel and Merle for the generalized Korteweg-de Vries equations. We use the Madelung transform to study the problem in the hydrodynamical framework. In this framework, we rely on the orbital stability of the solitons and the weak continuity of the flow in order to construct a limit profile. We next derive a monotonicity formula for the momentum, which gives the localization of the limit profile. Its smoothness and exponential decay then follow from a smoothing result for the localized solutions of the Schrödinger equations. Finally, we prove a Liouville type theorem, which shows that only the solitons enjoy these properties in their neighbourhoods.We also establish the asymptotic stability of multi-solitons. The solitons have non-zero speed, are ordered according to their speeds and have sufficiently separated initial positions. We provide the asymptotic stability around solitons and between solitons. More precisely, we show that for an initial datum close to a sum of $N$ dark solitons, the corresponding solution converges weakly to one of the solitons in the sum, when it is translated to the centre of this soliton, and converges weakly to zero when it is translated between solitons.
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Yakine Bahri. Stabilité des solitons et des multi-solitons pour l'équation de Landau-Lifschitz. Equations aux dérivées partielles [math.AP]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLX028⟩. ⟨tel-01457418⟩

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