Rôle de la couche intermédiaire dans le potentiel de la voie ferrée

Abstract : The aim of this PhD thesis is to show the influence of the interlayer in the behaviour of the rail track. By analogy, the interlayer can be comparable with the sub-ballast layer on the high speed lines. It is present on the conventional lines built since the beginning of the French railway network in the middle of the 19th century. This layer is located under the ballast and contributes to the stability of the rail track. It was formed over time by the interpenetration between the ballast and the ground support. Its density was obtained by the passage of trains for almost 150 years. This work is based on three PhD theses carried out over the past decade. The research conducted by Trinh (2011), Duong (2013) and Lamas-Lopez (2016) has allowed a better understanding of the behaviour of this layer by respectively studying the hydraulic behaviour of a good layer; the creation mechanism of and degradation of the interlayer; and finally its dynamic behaviour. On the basis of this work and on approaches of sizing structures developed in roads, and on the data of maintenance of railways of UIC 3 and 4, we can develop a new approach to sizing by taking into account the role of the interlayer in the performance of the rail track. A method of analysis of the behaviour of the rail track has been developed to prescribe “good job” (track renewal, lifting, drainage…) in order to achieve the performance objectives
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Nicolas Calon. Rôle de la couche intermédiaire dans le potentiel de la voie ferrée. Matériaux composites et construction. Université Paris-Est, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1097⟩. ⟨tel-01459154⟩

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