Etude du comportement des enrobés bitumineux aux températures de mise en œuvre

Abstract : Since the 2000s, road industries have focused their researches on lowering the mixing and implementation temperatures of Hot Mix Asphalt (HMA) (from 30 to 50°C). These new asphalt concretes, called Warm Mix Asphalt (WMA), created a workability issue that did not exist in the case of HMA, especially during manual implementation. This thesis aims to study the behavior of these WMA at implementation temperatures and to develop a method to characterize and evaluate their workability. For that, the experimental work was done at several scales of the material (the binder, the mastic and the mixture), some made with bituminous binders and some with silicone oils. Two properties were studied: on the one hand the viscosity of binders and mastics, and on the other hand the workability of mixtures measured by the workability device, newly standardized. After a state of the art on asphalt concretes, in particular WMA, on their implementation and characterization techniques, on the rheological properties of bituminous binders and mastics, the different materials used are presented along with their characterizations. The rheological studies conducted on binder and mastic are exposed in a first part, from the setup of measure procedures to the analysis of different behaviors with respect to the chosen parameters such as temperature, shear rate, filler content. This part highlights not only the Newtonian nature of binders but also the non-Newtonian behavior of mastics and the sedimentation phenomenon they endured at high temperatures which leads to investigate the legitimacy of the study at the mastic scale. In a second part, the workability of the mixtures is measured with the workability device (NF P 98 258-1), showing the importance of controlling the void content of the sample to guaranty a relevant test. An analysis of several parameters highlighted the ability and the limits of this device to characterize workability, with regard to the rheological studies on binders and mastics
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Angélique Fabre Des Essarts. Etude du comportement des enrobés bitumineux aux températures de mise en œuvre. Matériaux. Université Paris-Est, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1110⟩. ⟨tel-01459288⟩

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