The selective low cost gas sensor based on functionalized graphene

Abstract : Recent advances in nanomaterials provided a strong potential to create a gas sensor with many advantages such as high sensitivity of single molecule detection, low cost, and low power consumption. Graphene, isolated in 2004, is one of the best promising candidate for the future development of nanosensors applications because of its atom-thick, two-dimensional structures, high conductivity, and large specific surface areas. Every atom of a monolayer graphene can be considered as a surface atom, capable of interacting even with a single molecule of the target gas or vapor species, which eventually results in the ultrasensitive sensor response.In this thesis work, graphene films were synthesized by Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) on the glass substrate. Raman spectroscopy was used to analyze the quality and number of layers of graphene. Atomic Force Microscope (AFM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) were also performed to analyze the quality of graphene. After the characterization of graphene films, graphene based resistive devices (four identical electrodes are thermally evaporated directly onto the graphene film as metal electrodes) were fabricated. The electrical characterization has been carried out using Keithley-4200.Intrinsic device response was studied with different external condition changes (pressure, humidity, light illumination). The device was non-covalently functionalized with organometallic complex (Ru(II) trisbipyridine) and the its light exposure response was studied. The observed device response was reproducible and similar after many cycles of on and off operations. The theoretical and experimental approaches and the results obtained during the thesis are opening up a way to understand and fabricate future gas sensing devices based on the non-covalentely functionalized graphene.
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Heechul Woo. The selective low cost gas sensor based on functionalized graphene. Micro and nanotechnologies/Microelectronics. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLX050⟩. ⟨tel-01488898⟩

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