Continuous-time Martingale Optimal Transport and Optimal Skorokhod Embedding

Abstract : This PhD dissertation presents three research topics, the first two being independent and the last one relating the first two issues in a concrete case.In the first part we focus on the martingale optimal transport problem on the Skorokhod space, which aims at studying systematically the tightness of martingale transport plans. Using the S-topology introduced by Jakubowski, we obtain the desired tightness which yields the upper semicontinuity of the primal problem with respect to the marginal distributions, and further the first duality. Then, we provide also two dual formulations that are related to the robust superhedging in financial mathematics, and we establish the corresponding dualities by adapting the dynamic programming principle and the discretization argument initiated by Dolinsky and Soner.The second part of this dissertation addresses the optimal Skorokhod embedding problem under finitely-many marginal constraints. We formulate first this optimization problem by means of probability measures on an enlarged space as well as its dual problems. Using the classical convex duality approach together with the optimal stopping theory, we obtain the duality results. We also relate these results to the martingale optimal transport on the space of continuous functions, where the corresponding dualities are derived for a special class of reward functions. Next, We provide an alternative proof of the monotonicity principle established in Beiglbock, Cox and Huesmann, which characterizes the optimizers by their geometric support. Finally, we show a stability result that is twofold: the stability of the optimization problem with respect to target marginals and the relation with another optimal embedding problem.The last part concerns the application of stochastic control to the martingale optimal transport with a payoff depending on the local time, and the Skorokhod embedding problem. For the one-marginal case, we recover the optimizers for both primal and dual problems through Vallois' solutions, and show further the optimality of Vallois' solutions, which relates the martingale optimal transport and the optimal Skorokhod embedding. As for the two-marginal case, we obtain a generalization of Vallois' solution. Finally, a special multi-marginal case is studied, where the stopping times given by Vallois are well ordered.
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Gaoyue Guo. Continuous-time Martingale Optimal Transport and Optimal Skorokhod Embedding. Probability [math.PR]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLX038⟩. ⟨tel-01494815⟩

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