Quantum cryptographic primitives in realistic conditions

Abstract : This thesis stands at the interface between quantum theory and experiments, focusing on practical protocols that can be implemented using present-day technology. Our goal is to build a general framework for the design and implementation of quantum cryptographic schemes that will improve the safety of future telecommunication networks. In addition, this thesis aims to advance research on quantum physics and computer science, by improving our understanding of entanglement. The correlations of entangled states can not be reproduced by conventional means, allowing to perform tasks (eg teleportation and superdense coding) that are otherwise impossible. It is therefore of major importance to be able to check whether a quantum state is entangled. In this thesis, we show how to efficiently check whether a physical source can create multi-party entangled states and share them with many parties, some of which are dishonest and work with the source. This protocol could prove essential for quantum computation between suspicious parties and could also facilitate the secure delegation of tasks to powerful untrusted quantum servers. Finally, we study the link between game theory and quantum non-locality, in the context of Bayesian games. We examine how the shared entanglement helps players win a game with a higher probability than the conventional resources could achieve.
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Anna Pappa. Quantum cryptographic primitives in realistic conditions. Cryptography and Security [cs.CR]. Télécom ParisTech, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014ENST0045⟩. ⟨tel-01498641⟩

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