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Nanobâtonnets de NaYF4 à upconversion : synthèse, dispersion colloïdale et propriétés électro-optiques

Abstract : Fluorides nanoparticles doped with lanthanides have seen an increase in interest the last years. They offer outstanding optical properties with a very attractive upconversion for multiple applications from photovoltaics to medical imaging. In this work, we use NaYF4 nanorods doped with Yb/Er/Gd and optimized emission properties. Their alignment by an electric field allows us to access their anisotropic physical properties like polarized luminescence and birefringence.Nanocrystals are synthesized by a hydrothermal route, at high temperature (200 °C) and high pressure (20 bar). Morphology and crystalline structure can be controlled by varying gadolinium doping and heating conditions. At the end of the synthesis, the aggregation of the particles limits their dispersion in all common organic solvents. A particular functionalization with ligands having carboxylate or phosphonate functions is shown to be necessary. The grafting of particles with ions like citrate or alendronate allows to obtain very stable colloidal suspensions in DMSO. Furthermore, the reactivity of the amine function carried by alendronate enables us to graft a second active dye like rhodamine B or a cyanobiphenyl liquid crystal with a carboxylic group. New organo-mineral materials can be produced with this functionalization. The electro-optical response of colloidal suspensions submitted to a high-frequency electric field follows the Kerr law, with a quadratic relation between induced birefringence and the amplitude of the applied field. The system exhibits Kerr constants of the order of 108 m/V2, in agreement with the literature. The birefringence is induced by the anisotropic crystalline structure of the colloid, not by its shape. The mechanism of reorientation of colloids under an electric field is widely dominated by the polarization of their ionic cloud. A polarized luminescence is finally described, which will allow the use of NaYF4 nanorods as orientation probes in biological systems or fluid flows.
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Submitted on : Monday, April 10, 2017 - 10:00:08 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01505054, version 1


Maud Thiriet. Nanobâtonnets de NaYF4 à upconversion : synthèse, dispersion colloïdale et propriétés électro-optiques. Matériaux. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLX071⟩. ⟨tel-01505054⟩



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