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Couplages croisés catalysés au cobalt entre des arylzinciques et divers substrats électrophiles

Abstract : This thesis presents new cobaltcatalyzed cross-coupling reactions between arylzinc derivatives and various electrophilic reagents. After a general introduction on cobalt-catalysis and arylzinc compounds, the first chapter is dealing with the formation of diaryl ketones. Reaction between arylzinc bromides and ethyl chloroformate in presence of cobalt bromide and bipyridine ligand leads to the formation of symmetrical diaryl ketones with very good yields under simple conditions. It has been shown that ethyl chloroformate decomposes into carbon monoxide during the reaction. First attempts to extend this method to the synthesis of unsymetrical diaryl ketones are also described from arylzinc bromides and various carbonyl containing substrates. As for the second chapter, it is focused on the Negishi coupling between arylzinc bromides and an aryl bromide or an heteroaryl chloride. The advantage of this method is that the cobalt used to form the arylzinc bromide also serves to form the biaryl, hence there is no addition of another catalyst in the second step of the reaction. Results about the formation of biaryls are promising, but this reaction needs to be thorough. A similar methodology was used for the synthesis of new delayed fluorescence molecules to obtain highly efficient organic light emitting diodes. The third chapter describes the cobalt-catalyzed reaction between an arylzinc bromide and an electrophilic source of sulfur, a Bunte salt. However, these aryl sulfides can be easily oxidized in the reaction mixture and give sulfoxides and sulfones, which limit the use of this method. Finally, the last chapter is about preliminary works on the trifluoromethylation of arylzinc bromides from electrophilic or nucleophilic trifluoromethyl sources.
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Alice Rérat. Couplages croisés catalysés au cobalt entre des arylzinciques et divers substrats électrophiles. Chimie organique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLX066⟩. ⟨tel-01508917⟩



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