Modélisation du comportement dynamique d'un train de tiges de forage pétrolier : application aux vibrations latérales

Abstract : Drillstring vibrations are commonly observed during oil & gas well drilling operations. Vibrations are a major cause of drilling tools dysfunction (drillstring breaking because of fatigue, reduced drilling efficiency, measurement-while-drilling tools failure, damaging of drill bits, etc.). Because of the increasing complexity of oil & gas wells drilled nowadays, operators need to mitigate efficiently the drillstring vibrations in order to successfully achieve the drilling process. During the drilling operation, rotating drillstrings are in interaction with the well borehole (casing and/or rock) which may lead to severe vibrations. Different vibrations modes occur simultaneously while drilling, we identify mainly three modes: axial, torsional and lateral. This work deals only with lateral vibrations. Literature survey papers show numerous experimental and numerical studies carried out on drillstring dynamics. The developed models don't take into account sufficiently the complex drillstring-borehole interactions or the efficient numerical methods needed to reduce the computation time. A new drillstring dynamics model has been developed within this thesis in order to compute the lateral vibrations of drillstrings in a complex well trajectory. Given the operating parameters (rotary speed, weight on bit) the model predicts the dynamics response of the drillstring in terms of lateral vibrations. A finite element model has been implemented to solve for the equations of motion of the dynamics model and study the dependence of the lateral vibrations on some operating parameters of the system, mainly the rotary speed and the axial load on the drillstrings. The finite element model can be used to compute and enhance the dynamic response of a given drillstring configuration for design issues. Besides, the model can be used to understand some dynamic phenomena encountered while drilling (post-analysis). Moreover, this study was useful to better understand the “whirling” phenomenon which is very harmful for the drilling system components. A new lateral vibrations simulator was built at Mines ParisTech in order to understand the whirling phenomenon and validate the numerical results provided by the dynamics model. Surface and downhole fieldmeasurements have been analyzed in order to understand the occurrence of whirling. The eigenfrequencies evaluated from the field data have been found very close to those provided by the dynamics model.
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Dhaker Ezzeddine. Modélisation du comportement dynamique d'un train de tiges de forage pétrolier : application aux vibrations latérales. Sciences de la Terre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENMP0053⟩. ⟨tel-01511423⟩

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