Analyse et modélisation cinétique du vieillissement thermique des matrices PEI et PEEK et ses conséquences sur l’absorption d’eau

Abstract : PEI and PEEK are high performance aromatic thermoplastics. They are planned to be used as matrices of composite materials in aircraft engine environment. In service conditions, they will be subjected to complex hygrothermal cycles consisting in a series of thermo-oxidative agings up to 180 °C and humid agings at 70 °C in 85 % RH. As their durability has been little studied in the literature, the aim of this PhD thesis is to study the separated and combined effects of thermal and humid agings of these two matrices. At first, thin PEI and PEEK films have been oxidised at different temperatures (between 180 and 320 °C) and oxygen partial pressures (between 0.21 and 50 bars). There have been then characterized at different structural scales: molecular, macromolecular, morphological and macroscopic. This multi-technique and multi-scale characterization has enabled the determination of their thermal degradation mechanisms. Then, the humid aging of PEI and PEEK has been studied between 30 and 70 °C and between 10 and 100 % RH, before and after thermal aging. From a literature compilation of data for a large variety of polymers containing a single type of polar group in their monomer unit, structure – water transport property relationships have been established. They confirm that hydrophilicity and water diffusion result essentially from the molecular interactions between water molecules and polar groups in polymer matrices. Finally, a thermos-oxidation kinetic model has been established for PEI and PEEK matrices and has been juxtaposed with the structure – water transport property relationships. It enables to simulate all the experimental data obtained in this PhD work.
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Emilie Courvoisier. Analyse et modélisation cinétique du vieillissement thermique des matrices PEI et PEEK et ses conséquences sur l’absorption d’eau. Mécanique [physics.med-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENAM0005⟩. ⟨tel-01511525⟩

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