Amplificateurs impulsionnels à base de fibres cristallines dopées Ytterbium

Fabien Lesparre 1
1 Laboratoire Charles Fabry / Lasers
LCF - Laboratoire Charles Fabry
Abstract : In the last decade ultra-short pulse laser (< 10 ps) have sparked increasing interest for many industrial and scientific applications. Among the geometries used so far for high-power Yb-doped diode-pumped solid-state lasers as slabs, rods and thin disks, the single crystal fiber (SCF) technology was recently shown to have a high potential for the amplification of ultrashort pulses thanks to a very efficient thermal management and high optical efficiencies. This technology combined with the cubic crystal structure of Yb:YAG offers a cylindrical symmetry of the optical and thermo-mechanical properties. Yb:YAG SCFs are therefore well suited for the amplification of cylindrically polarized beams. In the context of a European Project called RAZIPOL, we have developed new laser amplifier architectures using SCF to directly amplify femtosecond pulses to achieve high energy and high average power pulses with radial and azimuthal polarizations without any stretching and recompression of the pulses.We first demonstrate a three-stage diode-pumped Yb:YAG single-crystal-fiber amplifier to generate femtosecond pulses at high average powers with linear or cylindrical (i.e., radial or azimuthal) polarization. At a repetition rate of 20 MHz, 750 fs pulses were obtained at an average power of 85 W in cylindrical polarization and at 100 W in linear polarization. Investigations on the use of Yb:YAG single-crystal fibers with different length/doping ratios and the zero-phonon pumping at a wavelength of 969 nm were conducted in order to optimize the performances of the amplifiers.The second part of the project is focused on pulse energy scaling. In this sense, we demonstrate a two-stage Yb:YAG single-crystal-fiber amplifier designed for high peak power to significantly increase the pulse energy of a low power picosecond laser. The first amplifier stage has been designed for high gain. Using a gain medium optimized in terms of doping concentration and length an optical gain of 32dB has been demonstrated. The second amplifier stage designed for high energy using divided pulse technique allows to generate recombined output pulse energy of 2mJ at 12.5 kHz with a pulse duration of 6 ps corresponding to a peak power 320MW. Average powers ranging from 25W to 55W with repetition rates varying from 12.5 kHz to 500 kHz have been demonstrated.This results has led to the publication of 2 articles in international peer-reviewed journals and have been presented in 7 conferences. Finally this work has inspired the launch of a new line of industrial products by Fibercryst.
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Fabien Lesparre. Amplificateurs impulsionnels à base de fibres cristallines dopées Ytterbium. Optique [physics.optics]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLO001⟩. ⟨tel-01519352⟩

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