La mobilité pendulaire interurbaine en France face aux enjeux du changement climatique : caractérisation socioéconomique, analyse spatiale et potentiels de report modal

Abstract : Commuter mobility is the subject of numerous studies meaning to describe and analyze the characteristics of commuters and their movements. In France, these studies focus primarily on people living in the functional area built around cities, called French urban areas. This thesis aims to provide supplementary insight on this topic by studying people moving between those French urban areas: intercity commuters.Analysing the French mainland population thought a quantitative approach conducted using census databases, measurement and qualification of long-distance commuters are proposed. Our results show a diversity of commuters in terms of demographic profile and spatial connections. The important use of the car as the primary mode of transport is emphasized. Despite their relatively low weight in the population of large and medium-sized urban areas in France, those commuters, who travel over long distances by car, are responsible for significant volumes of CO2 emissions.This result led to quantify the potential modal shift from car to rail. Our results demonstrate the existence of levers to theoretically reduce car use and thus the importance of its emissions. The influence of the spatial factor, at different scales, is attested. Furthermore such policies would have different consequences in terms of cost for the various professions and socio-professional categories
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Benoit Conti. La mobilité pendulaire interurbaine en France face aux enjeux du changement climatique : caractérisation socioéconomique, analyse spatiale et potentiels de report modal. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1174⟩. ⟨tel-01524369⟩

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