Modelling the dependence of order statistics and nonparametric estimation.

Abstract : In this thesis we consider the modelling of the joint distribution of order statistics, i.e. random vectors with almost surely ordered components. The first part is dedicated to the probabilistic modelling of order statistics of maximal entropy with marginal constraints. Given the marginal constraints, the characterization of the joint distribution can be given by the associated copula. Chapter 2 presents an auxiliary result giving the maximum entropy copula with a fixed diagonal section. We give a necessary and sufficient condition for its existence, and derive an explicit formula for its density and entropy. Chapter 3 provides the solution for the maximum entropy problem for order statistics with marginal constraints by identifying the copula of the maximum entropy distribution. We give explicit formulas for the copula and the joint density. An application for modelling physical parameters is given in Chapter 4.In the second part of the thesis, we consider the problem of nonparametric estimation of maximum entropy densities of order statistics in Kullback-Leibler distance. Chapter 5 presents an aggregation method for probability density and spectral density estimation, based on the convex combination of the logarithms of these functions, and gives non-asymptotic bounds on the aggregation rate. In Chapter 6, we propose an adaptive estimation method based on a log-additive exponential model to estimate maximum entropy densities of order statistics which achieves the known minimax convergence rates. The method is applied to estimating flaw dimensions in Chapter 7
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Richard Fischer. Modelling the dependence of order statistics and nonparametric estimation.. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Paris-Est, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1039⟩. ⟨tel-01526823⟩

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