Multiscale finite element methods for advection-diffusion problems

Abstract : This work essentially deals with the development and the study of multiscale finite element methods for multiscale advection-diffusion problems in the advection-dominated regime. Two types of approaches are investigated: Take into account the advection in the construction of the approximation space, or apply a stabilization method. We begin with advection-dominated advection-diffusion problems in heterogeneous media. We carry on with advection-dominated advection-diffusion problems posed in perforated domains.Here, we focus on the Crouzeix-Raviart type boundary condition for the construction of the multiscale finite elements. We consider two different situations depending on the condition prescribed on the boundary of the perforations: the homogeneous Dirichlet condition or the homogeneous Neumann condition. This study relies on a coercivity assumption.Lastly, we consider a general framework where the advection-diffusion operator is not coercive, possibly in the advection-dominated regime. We propose a Finite Element approach based on the use of an invariant measure associated to the adjoint operator. This approach is unconditionally well-posed in the mesh size. We compare it numerically to a standard stabilization method
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François Madiot. Multiscale finite element methods for advection-diffusion problems. General Mathematics [math.GM]. Université Paris-Est, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1052⟩. ⟨tel-01527285⟩

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