Innovation par la conception bio-inspirée : proposition d'un modèle structurant les méthodes biomimétiques et formalisation d'un outil de transfert de connaissances

Abstract : Biomimetics applies principles and strategies which stem from biological systems in order to facilitate technological design. Providing a high innovation potential, biomimetics could become a key process for various business. However, there are still a few challenges to overcome in order for the bioinspired design to become a sustainable approach. The work which has been carried out addresses this bioinspired design diffusion with two distinct focuses. First of all, they tend to standardize conceptual fields for bio-inspiration and biomimetic process models to enable the evaluation of tools supporting said design process. This methodological assessment, addressed from an objective and subjective point of view, results in the formalization of a structuring model, a classification tree which guides designers through the biomimetic process. Alongside the development of this methodological reference framework establishment, the work tends to overcome another obstacle of the bioinspired design implementation which is the interaction between biology and engineering. By developing a specific tool, the research studies offer a model which functionally describes biological systems without biological expertise prerequisites. The concatenation of these accomplishments addresses the main issue of these disciplinary fields: its development through the dissemination of its application to industrial innovation, in order to encourage the emergence of “biomimetic products” at the expense of “bio-inspired accidents”.
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Pierre-Emmanuel Fayemi. Innovation par la conception bio-inspirée : proposition d'un modèle structurant les méthodes biomimétiques et formalisation d'un outil de transfert de connaissances. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ENAM0062⟩. ⟨tel-01531185⟩

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