Development and implementation of numerical models for the study of multilayered plates

Abstract : The use of multilayer is becoming increasingly important in the field of engineering, first in the industry, and more recently more and more in Civil Engineering. Whether complex blend of polymers, wood or concrete, significant efforts are required for accurate modeling of such materials. Indeed, phenomena induced anisotropy and heterogeneity are associated with these multi-material: edge effects, differential thermal expansion, delamination/detachment or nonlinearities viscosity type damage, plasticity in layers or interfaces. Among the models proposed in the literature, we found for example equivalent monolayer model or of "LayerWise" type (a kinematic per layer). Belonging to the second category, models have been developed in recent years in Navier allow a sufficiently detailed description to address specific issues mentioned above while maintaining a surgical nature. By introducing interface forces as generalized forces of the model, these approaches have demonstrated their effectiveness vis-à-vis the representation of details at inter- and intra-layers. It is then easy to offer behaviors and interfaces criteria and to be effective for modeling delamination or detachment, phenomenom very present in multilayered composites assembled and glued together. Therefore, a finite element program MPFEAP was developed in Navier laboratory. The model was also introduced as a User Element in ABAQUS, in its simplest form (perfect interfaces).A new layerwise model for multilayered plates is proposed in this dissertation, named Statically Compatible Layerwise Stresses with first-order membrane stress approximations per layer in thickness direction SCLS1. The model complies exactly with the 3D equilibrium equations and the free-edge boundary conditions. Also, a refined version of the new model is obtained by introducing several mathematical layers per physical layer. The new model has been implemented in a new version of the in-house finite element code MPFEAP.In parallel, a finite element program based on the Bending-Gradient theory which was developed in Navier laboratory, is proposed here. The model is a new plate theory for out-of-plane loaded thick plates where the static unknowns are those of the Love-Kirchhoff theory, to which six components are added representing the gradient of the bending moment. The Bending-Gradient theory is obtained from the Generalized-Reissner theory: the Generalized-Reissner theory involves fifteen kinematic degrees of freedom, eight of them being related only to out-of-plane Poisson’s distortion and thus, the main idea of the Bending-Gradient plate theory is to simplify the Generalized-Reissner theory by setting these eight d.o.f. to zero and to neglect the contribution of the normal stress σ33 in the plate model constitutive equation. A finite element program called BGFEAP has been developed for the implementation of the Bending-Gradient element. A User Element in Abaqus was also developed for the Bending-Gradient theory
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Rawad Baroud. Development and implementation of numerical models for the study of multilayered plates. Materials. Université Paris-Est, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1084⟩. ⟨tel-01540362⟩



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