Modelisation et simulation de l'interaction onde de choc/couche limite turbulente en écoulement interne avec effets de coins

Abstract : To design innovative propulsion systems, improving the performance of supersonic air intakes is a major issue. In particular, the flows through the air intakes and/or supersonic diffusers involve complex unsteady phenomena associated with various spatial and temporal scales such as: wall-bounded turbulence dynamics, interaction between a shock-wave and a turbulent boundary layer, three-dimensional separated flows and corners effects. Despite the significant contributions from recent high-fidelity simulations of unsteady shock-wave boundary layer interaction in the absence of side walls, few numerical studies were conducted with secondary flows due to corner effects. In the presence of side walls and at Mach numbers large enough, the topology of the interaction is modified and a shock-train forms in the diffuser. In this thesis, the Navier-Stokes compressible equations are solved using high-order schemes. Simulations of supersonic flows in rectangular diffusers of different widths are carried out. The study allows to highlight the influence of confinement and corners effects on the mean flow. A second part of the study is devoted to the understanding of the unsteadiness associated with a shock-train in a rectangular supersonic diffuser. For that purpose, advanced post-processing tools have been developed such as: dynamic mode decomposition and Fourier analysis. The results show the presence of a possible resonance phenomenon in the diffuser at frequencies close to those associated with the flow.
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Corentin Roussel. Modelisation et simulation de l'interaction onde de choc/couche limite turbulente en écoulement interne avec effets de coins. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ENAM0025⟩. ⟨tel-01540585v2⟩

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