Réponse optique de nuage Rb87 dense

Stephan Jennewein 1
1 Laboratoire Charles Fabry / Optique Quantique
LCF - Laboratoire Charles Fabry
Abstract : This thesis investigates the response of the D2 transition of Rubidium 87 for various densities.To probe this transition we illuminate an ultra cold (100µK) sample of Rubidium 87 with close toresonance of lambda = 780 nm laser light.We observe the transmitted light while scanning the frequency over the atomic resonance. Such a spectrum is taken for peak densities ranging from 10^12 atoms/cm^3 to 10^14 atoms/cm^3. As matter gets denser and denser dipoie-dipole interaction start playing a role due to the close proximity of neighbouring scatteres. These interactions are caused by the probe light induced dipoles and start being important when the density reaches n*(lambda/2Pi)^3 = 1, which for us is the case at the upper end of the explored density range.We start off measuring these transmission data for degenerate 12-level Rubidium 87 and afterwardsfor Rubidium 87, which we first spin polarize and then by lifting the degeneracy generate an artifical2-level system. These results are systematically compared to the two available theories.A microscopic one, which is described by coupled dipoles and a macroscopic one the so calledClausius-Mosotti equation. None of the ab initio theories can explain the results obtained during this thesis.The rigerous comparison of the various acquired datasets shows that the data in itself is consistentand relative changes going from a 12-level system to a 2-level system are understood.Additionally we also investigate the pulse propagation behaviour through such a systemrevealing stunning values for the fractional pulse advancement and the group index.
Keywords : Atoms Dense
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Stephan Jennewein. Réponse optique de nuage Rb87 dense. Optique [physics.optics]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLO004⟩. ⟨tel-01547493⟩

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