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Une étude numérique des écoulements mono et diphasique inertiels en milieux poreux

Abstract : This work focuses on inertial flow in porous media encountered in differentindustrial situations such as flow around wells in oil recovery, flow in filters and in columns ofreactors for chemical engineering, etc. In stationary flow regime, the different macroscopicmodels describing inertial (non-linear) flow are still discussed. These models consist in theDarcy’s law with correction extra terms whose dependence upon the filtration velocity is afunction of the flow regime. In this work, a particular attention is attributed first to the numericalinvestigation (DNS), on model structures, of the limit of one phase Newtonian stationary flowwhich corresponds to the first Hopf bifurcation, characterized by a critical Reynolds number.The knowledge of this limit is crucial since it establishes the ranges of validity of the relevantmacroscopic stationary models. In a second step, the dependence of the deviation (inertial)from Darcy’s law on the properties of the porous structure (grains shape, disorder) and on theorientation of the flow is analyzed in 2D and 3D situations. The effective properties of thestructure and the flow at the macroscopic scale are obtained from the numerical resolution ofthe closure problems associated to the macroscopic model obtained from an up-scalingprocedure (volume averaging) of the Navier-Stokes equations. In order to identify the origin ofthe deviation and its different forms, the variation of the microscopic flow structure with theReynolds number is analyzed. More specifically, the role of the recirculation zones, and thecorrelations with flow streamlines curvature multiplied by the local kinetic energy and thevariation of the kinetic energy along these lines are studied. The last part of the work isdedicated to a numerical investigation of the deviation from the generalized Darcy’s law in thecase of two phase inertial flow.
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Mehrez Agnaou. Une étude numérique des écoulements mono et diphasique inertiels en milieux poreux. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENAM0050⟩. ⟨tel-01557551⟩



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