Développements expérimentaux et numériques pour la caractérisation des champs cinématiques de la coupe de l’acier 100 CrMo 7 durci pour la prédiction de l’intégrité de surface

Abstract : Nowadays, digital image correlation (DIC) methods are widely employed to the mechanical testing characterization and their temporal monitoring. However in the machining field, to study the cutting process at the tool edge, these methods are not commonly applied due to the poor accessibility, the size of the observed area and the large strain occurring herein. In this study, the kinematic fields induced in the material by the cutting process are characterized and analyzed at industrial cutting conditions. In order to take and treat the pictures of the cut, experimental and numerical techniques have been first established. Then, the experimental setup performances and the uncertainties of the DIC were quantified. Different images selection strategies for the DIC and numerical post-processing algorithm for measuring the characteristics of the cut were proposed. Furthermore, a DIC integrated approach based on an analytical model was developed to record dynamics cutting forces. Trials in orthogonal configuration were performed and analyzed to validate the developed procedures first in an aluminium alloy, then in a 100~CrMo~7 hardened steel. The kinematics fields and the macroscopic data of the cut were successfully measured thanks to these tools. Finally, they were used for the prediction of the surface integrity induced by a 3D cutting edge in the hard material.
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Thomas Baizeau. Développements expérimentaux et numériques pour la caractérisation des champs cinématiques de la coupe de l’acier 100 CrMo 7 durci pour la prédiction de l’intégrité de surface. Génie mécanique [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ENAM0054⟩. ⟨tel-01562866⟩

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