Thermo-oxydation de résines époxy/amine

Abstract : Epoxy/amine resins are thermoset materials made of epoxy prepolymer and amine hardener. Those materials are used in several industrial applications, such as paint or to encapsulate electronics. The main goal of this work is to predict lifetime of three resins: DGEBA or DGEBU/cycloaliphatic diamine, DGEBA/aliphatic diamine, in thermo-oxidative environment. In order to achieve this, a multi scale study of the oxidation is done, at several temperatures (from 110°C to 200°C) and oxygen partial pressures (0,2 bars et 50 bars). At molecular scale, the formation of amides and carbonyls has been noticed. At macromolecular scale, chain scission has been observed in epoxy/cycloaliphatic diamine but in DGEBA/aliphatic diamine cross linking seems to be predominant. Those properties are directly related to functional properties: mechanical and dielectric break down appear later in DGEBA/aliphatic diamine than in epoxy/cycloaliphatic diamine. The extrapolation of life is possible thank to kinetic modelling, based on chemical mechanistic scheme. The resolution of this kinetic scheme allowed us to model all experimental data (concentration of oxidation products, chain scission and cross linking), either in homogenous oxidation and in thick samples (3 mm). Stresses induced by oxidation in a thick sample of DGEBA/cycloaliphatic diamine have been simulated thanks to Matlab ® and finite elements by Abaqus ®.
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Estève Ernault. Thermo-oxydation de résines époxy/amine. Mécanique des structures [physics.class-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016ENAM0060⟩. ⟨tel-01563168⟩

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