:. Concepts-de-l-'odra, 114 1.1. Modélisation 2D du fonctionnement de l'orthese odra, .

.. Cinematique-de-l-'odra-isolée and .. Orthese-installée-sur-le-sujet, 1. Mobilité relative des embrasses par rapport aux segments osseux dans le plan sagittal, p.133

.. Resultats-de-l-'analyse-de-la-marche-avec-odra, W. Siy, S. Anderst, M. R. Tashman, W. A. Mahfouz et al., In vivo measurement of 3-D skeletal kinematics from sequences of biplane radiographs: Application to knee kinematics A Robust Method for Registration of Three-Dimensional Knee Implant Models to Two-Dimensional Fluoroscopy Images Feasibility of using orthogonal fluoroscopic images to measure in vivo joint kinematics. Validation of a non-invasive fluoroscopic imaging technique for the measurement of dynamic knee joint motion Kinematic differences between optical motion capture and biplanar videoradiography during a jump-cut maneuver Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry. Part 2: Instrumental errors Quantification of soft tissue artefact in motion analysis by combining 3D fluoroscopy and stereophotogrammetry: A study on two subjects Soft-tissue artefact assessment during step-up using fluoroscopy and skinmounted markers Accuracy of single-plane fluoroscopy in determining relative position and orientation of total knee replacement components Total knee arthroplasty three-dimensional kinematic estimation prevision. From a two-dimensional fluoroscopy acquired dynamic model Tibio-femoral movement in the living knee . A study of weight bearing and non-weight bearing knee kinematics using ' interventional ' MRI, 15] R. Von Eisenhart-rothe, M. Siebert, C. Bringmann, and T. Vogl, " A new in vivo technique for determination of 3D kinematics and contact areas of the patello-femoral and tibio-femoral joint Tibiofemoral movement 2 : the loaded and unloaded living knee studied by MRI Combined magnetic resonance imaging approach for the assessment of in vivo knee joint kinematics under full weight-bearing conditions, pp.514-525, 1992.

]. J. Skalli, G. Dubousset, W. Charpak, F. Skalli, J. Lavaste et al., Une nouvelle imagerie ostéo-articulaire basse dose en position debout : le système EOS Measuring femoral and rotational alignment: EOS system versus computed tomography Three-dimensional reconstructions for asymptomatic and cerebralpalsy children's lower limbs using a biplanar X-ray system: Afeasibility study Geometrical values of the normal and arthritic hip and knee detected with the EOS imaging system Healthy vs. osteoarthritic hips: A comparison of hip, pelvis and femoral parameters and relationships using the EOS® system Comparing three attachment systems used to determine knee kinematics during gait, Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering Fast 3D Burdin, C. Roux, and E. Stindel, " [2D-3D registration in the frequency domain for the study of the movement in quasi-static condition: Pilot study on the knee joint26] L. Dagneaux, P. Thoreux, B. Eustache, F. Canovas, and W. Skalli Sequential 3D analysis of patellofemoral kinematics from biplanar x-rays : In vitro validation protocol, pp.37-41, 2005.

P. Roy, C. Tétreault, J. A. Sauret, N. De-guise, S. Hagemeister et al., Investigation of 3D glenohumeral displacements from 3D reconstruction using biplane X-ray images : Accuracy and reproducibility of the technique and preliminary analysis in rotator cuff tear patients Three-dimensional reconstruction of the lower limb from biplanar calibrated radiographs. Skeletal landmarks for TKR implantations: Evaluation of their accuracy using EOS imaging acquisition system A reference method for the evaluation of femoral head joint center location technique based on external markers Responsiveness to change and reliability of measurement of radiographic joint space width in osteoarthritis of the knee: A systematic review, J. Electromyogr. Kinesiol. Med. Eng. Phys. Orthop. Traumatol. Surg. Res. Gait Posture Osteoarthr. Cartil, vol.35, issue.19 5, pp.1703-1715, 2009.

T. Alkjaer, Gait variability and motor control in people with knee osteoarthritis. Gait and Posture, pp.479-484, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.07.063

R. D. Altman, Classification of disease: Osteoarthritis, Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism, vol.20, issue.6, pp.40-47, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0049-0172(91)90026-V

T. P. Andriacchi, A Framework for the in Vivo Pathomechanics of Osteoarthritis at the Knee, Annals of Biomedical Engineering, vol.32, issue.3, pp.447-457, 2004.
DOI : 10.1023/B:ABME.0000017541.82498.37

T. P. Andriacchi, S. Koo, and S. F. Scanlan, Gait Mechanics Influence Healthy Cartilage Morphology and Osteoarthritis of the Knee, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American Volume, vol.91, issue.Suppl 1, pp.9195-101, 2009.
DOI : 10.2106/JBJS.H.01408

T. P. Andriacchi and A. Mündermann, The role of ambulatory mechanics in the initiation and progression of knee osteoarthritis, Current Opinion in Rheumatology, vol.18, issue.5, pp.514-518, 2006.
DOI : 10.1097/01.bor.0000240365.16842.4e

A. J. Baliunas, Increased knee joint loads during walking are present in subjects with knee osteoarthritis, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.10, issue.7, pp.573-579, 2002.
DOI : 10.1053/joca.2002.0797

URL : http://doi.org/10.1053/joca.2002.0797

J. Beaudreuil, Clinical practice guidelines for rest orthosis, knee sleeves, and unloading knee braces in knee osteoarthritis, Joint Bone Spine, vol.76, issue.6, pp.629-636, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbspin.2009.02.002

D. L. Benoit, 22.4 Effect of skin movement artifact on knee kinematics during gait and cutting motions measured in-vivo, Gait & Posture, vol.21, pp.152-164, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(05)80472-2

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01405388

D. L. Benoit, 22.4 Effect of skin movement artifact on knee kinematics during gait and cutting motions measured in-vivo, Gait & Posture, vol.21, issue.2, pp.152-164, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/S0966-6362(05)80472-2

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01405388

. Blazek, Age and obesity alter the relationship between femoral articular cartilage thickness and ambulatory loads in individuals without osteoarthritis, Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol.17, issue.3, pp.394-402, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2009.04.017

A. Cappozzo, Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry. Part 1: theoretical background, Gait & posture, vol.21, issue.2, pp.186-196, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2004.01.010

Y. Chaibi, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering Fast 3D reconstruction of the lower limb using a parametric model and statistical inferences and clinical measurements calculation from biplanar X-rays, pp.37-41, 2012.

A. Chang, Thrust during ambulation and the progression of knee osteoarthritis, Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol.21, issue.12, pp.3897-3903, 2004.
DOI : 10.7326/0003-4819-138-8-200304150-00006

A. H. Chang, External knee adduction and flexion moments during gait and medial tibiofemoral disease progression in knee osteoarthritis, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.23, issue.7, pp.1099-1106, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2015.02.005

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4470726

E. F. Chehab, Baseline knee adduction and flexion moments during walking are both associated with 5??year cartilage changes in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.22, issue.11, pp.1833-1839, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2014.08.009

N. J. Collins, Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS): systematic review and meta-analysis of measurement properties, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.24, issue.8, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2016.03.010

D. Croce and U. , A Preliminary Assessment of a Novel Pneumatic Unloading Knee Brace on the Gait Mechanics of Patients With Knee Osteoarthritis, PM&R, vol.5, issue.10, pp.816-824, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pmrj.2013.06.008

D. Desmé, S. Galand-desmé, J. Besse, J. Henner, B. Moyen et al., Axial lower limb alignment and knee geometry in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, pp.92673-79, 2006.

L. Dagneaux, Sequential 3D analysis of patellofemoral kinematics from biplanar x-rays: In vitro validation protocol, Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, vol.101, issue.7, pp.811-818, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.otsr.2015.07.017

A. H. Deakin, Natural distribution of the femoral mechanical???anatomical angle in an osteoarthritic population and its relevance to total knee arthroplasty, The Knee, vol.19, issue.2, pp.120-123, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.knee.2011.02.001

D. A. Dennis, Evaluation of Off-Loading Braces for Treatment of Unicompartmental Knee Arthrosis, The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol.21, issue.4, pp.2-8, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.arth.2006.02.099

Y. Dessery, Comparison of three knee braces in the treatment of medial knee osteoarthritis, The Knee, vol.21, issue.6, pp.1107-1114, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.knee.2014.07.024

J. Dubousset, EOS: A NEW IMAGING SYSTEM WITH LOW DOSE RADIATION IN STANDING POSITION FOR SPINE AND BONE & JOINT DISORDERS, Journal of Musculoskeletal Research, vol.189, issue.01, pp.1-12, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2003.11.014

L. D. Duffell, Balance and gait adaptations in patients with early knee osteoarthritis. Gait and Posture, pp.1057-1061, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.01.005

URL : http://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.01.005

T. Duivenvoorden, Braces and orthoses for treating osteoarthritis of the knee. The Cochrane database of systematic reviews, p.4020, 2015.

R. Dumas, L. Chèze, and J. P. Verriest, Adjustments to McConville et al. and Young et al. body segment inertial parameters, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.40, issue.3, pp.543-553, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2006.02.013

A. Elbaz, Novel classification of knee osteoarthritis severity based on spatiotemporal gait analysis, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.22, issue.3, pp.457-463, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2013.12.015

J. C. Erhart-hledik, New insight in the relationship between regional patterns of knee cartilage thickness, osteoarthritis disease severity, and gait mechanics, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.48, issue.14, pp.3868-75, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2015.09.033

F. Esfandiarpour, Comparison of kinematics of ACL-deficient and healthy knees during passive flexion and isometric leg press, The Knee, vol.20, issue.6, pp.505-510, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.knee.2012.09.009

A. Esrafilian, M. T. Karimi, and A. Eshraghi, Design and Evaluation of a New Type of Knee Orthosis to Align the Mediolateral Angle of the Knee Joint with Osteoarthritis, Advances in Orthopedics, vol.16, issue.4, p.2012, 1987.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2009.04.004

D. M. Fang, M. A. Ritter, and K. E. Davis, Coronal Alignment in Total Knee Arthroplasty, The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol.24, issue.6, pp.39-43, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.arth.2009.04.034

F. Pagani, C. H. Potthast, W. Brüggemann, and G. P. , The effect of valgus bracing on the knee adduction moment during gait and running in male subjects with varus alignment, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.25, issue.1, pp.70-76, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2009.08.010

S. Farrokhi, Clinical Biomechanics Are the kinematics of the knee joint altered during the loading response phase of gait in individuals with concurrent knee osteoarthritis and complaints of joint instability ? A dynamic stereo X-ray study ?, JCLB, vol.27, issue.4, pp.384-389, 2012.

J. Favre, Baseline ambulatory knee kinematics are associated with changes in cartilage thickness in osteoarthritic patients over 5 years, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.49, issue.9, pp.1859-1864, 2016.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2016.04.029

G. E. Ferreira, The effect of exercise therapy on knee adduction moment in individuals with knee osteoarthritis: A systematic review, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.30, issue.6, pp.521-527, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2015.03.028

H. C. Fu, Prospective study on the effects of orthotic treatment for medial knee osteoarthritis in Chinese patients: clinical outcome and gait analysis. Hong Kong medical journal = Xianggang yi xue za zhi Available at, Hong Kong Academy of Medicine, vol.21, issue.2, pp.98-106, 2015.

R. D. Gaasbeek, Valgus bracing in patients with medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee, Gait & Posture, vol.26, issue.1, pp.3-10, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2006.07.007

B. Gandek, Measurement Properties of the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index: A Systematic Review, Arthritis Care & Research, vol.2, issue.Suppl 11, pp.216-229, 2015.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02663745

E. H. Garling, Soft-tissue artefact assessment during step-up using fluoroscopy and skinmounted markers, S18-S24), pp.412332-2333, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2007.03.003

B. Ghostine, C. Sauret, A. Assi, Z. Bakouny, N. Khalil et al., Influence of patient axial malpositioning on the trueness and precision of pelvic parameters obtained from 3D reconstructions based on biplanar radiographs, European Radiology, vol.19, issue.4, 2016.
DOI : 10.1007/s00330-015-4166-5

H. Goujon, A Functional Evaluation of Prosthetic Foot Kinematics During Lower-Limb Amputee Gait, Prosthetics and Orthotics International, vol.28, issue.2, pp.213-223, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00017-C

F. Guillemin, Prevalence of symptomatic hip and knee osteoarthritis: a two-phase population-based survey1, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.19, issue.11, pp.1314-1322, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2011.08.004

J. A. Haladik, Bracing improves clinical outcomes but does not affect the medial knee joint space in osteoarthritic patients during gait, Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.454, issue.2, pp.222715-2720, 2014.
DOI : 10.1097/BLO.0b013e31802bab3e

M. Henriksen, Gait changes in patients with knee osteoarthritis are replicated by experimental knee pain, Arthritis Care & Research, vol.66, issue.4, pp.501-509, 2010.
DOI : 10.2522/ptj.20060137

T. Hewett, F. Noyes, S. Barber-westin, and H. T. , Decrease in knee joint pain and increase in function in patients with medial compartment arthrosis: a prospective analysis of valgus bracing, Orthopedics, vol.21, issue.2, pp.131-139, 1998.

S. C. Huang, Effects of severity of degeneration on gait patterns in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis, Medical Engineering & Physics, vol.30, issue.8, pp.997-1003, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.medengphy.2008.02.006

S. T. Hurley, Is There a Dose Response for Valgus Unloader Brace Usage on Knee Pain, Function, and Muscle Strength?, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.93, issue.3, pp.496-502, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.apmr.2011.09.002

D. E. Hurwitz, Static Alignment is a Better Indicator of the Dynamic Knee Joint Loads During Gait in Subjects with Knee Osteoarthritis Than Radiographic Disease Severity, Toe Out Angle and Pain, pp.101-107, 2001.

S. W. Hutchins, Feasibility study for a controllable orthotic knee joint. Disability and rehabilitation, Assistive technology, vol.6, issue.6, pp.536-545, 2011.
DOI : 10.3109/17483107.2011.580901

R. K. Jones, A comparison of the biomechanical effects of valgus knee braces and lateral wedged insoles in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Gait and Posture, pp.368-372, 2013.

K. R. Kaufman, Gait characteristics of patients with knee osteoarthritis, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.34, issue.7, pp.907-915, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00036-7

D. Khanna, 2012 American College of Rheumatology guidelines for management of gout. Part 1: Systematic nonpharmacologic and pharmacologic therapeutic approaches to hyperuricemia, Arthritis Care & Research, vol.59, issue.10, pp.1431-1446, 2012.
DOI : 10.1002/art.24209

. Kirkley, The Effect of Bracing on Varus Gonarthrosis*, The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.81, issue.4, pp.539-548, 1999.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-199904000-00012

R. D. Komistek, An in vivo analysis of the effectiveness of the osteoarthritic knee brace during heel-strike of gait, The Journal of Arthroplasty, vol.14, issue.6, pp.738-742, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0883-5403(99)90230-9

T. Koshino, Underestimation of varus angulation in knees with flexion deformity, The Knee, vol.9, issue.4, pp.275-279, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0968-0160(02)00049-2

I. Kutzner, Loading of the knee joint during activities of daily living measured in vivo in five subjects, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.43, issue.11, pp.2164-2173, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2010.03.046

D. Laroche, Biomechanical effectiveness of a distraction???rotation knee brace in medial knee osteoarthritis: Preliminary results, The Knee, vol.21, issue.3, pp.710-716, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.knee.2014.02.015

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01159581

R. L. Lathrop-lambach, Evidence for joint moment asymmetry in healthy populations during gait. Gait and Posture, pp.526-531, 2014.

A. Leardini, Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry Part 3. Soft tissue artifact assessment and compensation. Gait and Posture, pp.212-225, 2005.

S. K. Lynn, T. Kajaks, and P. A. Costigan, The effect of internal and external foot rotation on the adduction moment and lateral???medial shear force at the knee during gait, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol.11, issue.5, pp.444-451, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jsams.2007.03.004

M. R. Mahfouz, A robust method for registration of three-dimensional knee implant models to two-dimensional fluoroscopy images, IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, vol.22, issue.12, pp.1561-1574, 2003.
DOI : 10.1109/TMI.2003.820027

T. E. Mcalindon, OARSI guidelines for the non-surgical management of knee osteoarthritis, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.22, issue.3, pp.363-388, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2014.01.003

K. Mills, A systematic review and meta-analysis of lower limb neuromuscular alterations associated with knee osteoarthritis during level walking, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.28, issue.7, pp.713-724, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2013.07.008

T. Miyazaki, Dynamic load at baseline can predict radiographic disease progression in medial compartment knee osteoarthritis, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.61, issue.7, pp.61617-622, 2002.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.61.7.617

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1754164

T. A. Moro-oka, Dynamic activity dependence of in vivo normal knee kinematics, Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol.121, issue.4, pp.428-434, 2008.
DOI : 10.1243/PIME_PROC_1996_210_399_02

R. F. Moyer, Biomechanical effects of valgus knee bracing: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.23, issue.2, pp.178-188, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2014.11.018

R. F. Moyer, Biomechanical effects of valgus knee bracing: a systematic review and metaanalysis . Osteoarthritis and cartilage / OARS, pp.178-88, 2015.

R. F. Moyer, Combined Effects of a Valgus Knee Brace and Lateral Wedge Foot Orthotic on the External Knee Adduction Moment in Patients With Varus Gonarthrosis, Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol.94, issue.1, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.apmr.2012.09.004

A. Mündermann, Potential strategies to reduce medial compartment loading in patients with knee osteoarthritis of varying severity: Reduced walking speed, Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol.16, issue.4, pp.1172-1178, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(83)90109-4

M. C. Nadaud, IN VIVO THREE-DIMENSIONAL DETERMINATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE OSTEOARTHRITIC KNEE BRACE, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American Volume, vol.87, issue.2, pp.114-119, 2005.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-200511002-00013

N. Foroughi, M. Richard, . Smith, A. K. Lange, M. K. Baker et al., Dynamic alignment and its association with knee adduction moment in medial knee osteoarthritis, The Knee, vol.17, issue.3, pp.210-226, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.knee.2009.09.006

R. S. Newell, Detecting differences between asymptomatic and osteoarthritic gait is influenced by changing the knee adduction moment model. Gait and Posture, pp.485-492, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2007.06.004

O. Connell, M. Farrokhi, S. Fitzgerald, and G. K. , The role of knee joint moments and knee impairments on self-reported knee pain during gait in patients with knee osteoarthritis, Clinical Biomechanics, pp.3140-3186, 2016.

S. R. Oak, Radiographic joint space width is correlated with 4-year clinical outcomes in patients with knee osteoarthritis: data from the osteoarthritis initiative, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.21, issue.9, pp.1185-1190, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2013.06.024

P. Ornetti, Clinical effectiveness and safety of a distraction-rotation knee brace for medial knee osteoarthritis, Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, vol.58, issue.3, pp.126-131, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.rehab.2015.03.004

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01295715

C. H. Pagani, M. Hinrichs, and G. P. Brüggemann, Kinetic and kinematic changes with the use of valgus knee brace and lateral wedge insoles in patients with medial knee osteoarthritis, Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol.29, issue.7, pp.1125-1132, 2012.
DOI : 10.1002/jor.21477

S. Parratte, M. Pagnano, R. Trousdale, and B. D. , Effect of Postoperative Mechanical Axis Alignment on the Fifteen-Year Survival of Modern, Cemented Total Knee Replacements, The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American Volume, vol.92, issue.12, pp.2143-2152, 2010.
DOI : 10.2106/JBJS.I.01398

L. Pen, C. Reygrobellet, C. Gérentes, and I. , Financial cost of osteoarthritis in France, Joint Bone Spine, vol.72, issue.6, pp.567-570, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbspin.2005.01.011

W. Petersen, Biomechanical effect of unloader braces for medial osteoarthritis of the knee: a systematic review (CRD 42015026136), Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, vol.468, issue.7, pp.649-656, 2016.
DOI : 10.1007/s11999-010-1274-z

H. Pillet, Evaluation of force plate-less estimation of the trajectory of the centre of pressure during gait. Comparison of two anthropometric models, Gait & Posture, vol.31, issue.2, pp.147-152, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2009.09.014

M. Piperno, Quantificative evaluation of joint space width in femorotibal osteoarthritis: comparison of three radiographic views, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.6, issue.4, pp.252-259, 1998.
DOI : 10.1053/joca.1998.0118

F. E. Pollo, Reduction of medial compartment loads with valgus bracing of the osteoarthritic knee. The American journal of sports medicine, pp.414-421, 2002.

S. Quijano, Three-dimensional reconstruction of the lower limb from biplanar calibrated radiographs. Medical engineering & physics Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science, pp.1703-1715, 2013.

T. M. Van-raaij, Medial Knee Osteoarthritis Treated by Insoles or Braces: A Randomized Trial, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research??, vol.79, issue.7, pp.1926-1932, 2010.
DOI : 10.1080/17453670710015021

D. K. Ramsey, A mechanical theory for the effectiveness of bracing for medial compartment osteoarthritis of the knee, The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume, vol.89, issue.11, pp.2398-2407, 2007.

F. Rannou, S. Poiraudeau, and J. Beaudreuil, Role of bracing in the management of knee osteoarthritis, Current Opinion in Rheumatology, vol.22, issue.2, pp.218-240, 2010.
DOI : 10.1097/BOR.0b013e32833619c4

W. M. Reichmann, Responsiveness to change and reliability of measurement of radiographic joint space width in osteoarthritis of the knee: a systematic review, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.19, issue.5, pp.550-556420, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2011.01.023

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00708652

M. Sandau, New equations to calculate 3D joint centres in the lower extremities, Medical Engineering & Physics, vol.37, issue.10, pp.948-955, 2015.
DOI : 10.1016/j.medengphy.2015.07.001

M. Sangeux, Quantification of the 3D relative movement of external marker sets vs. bones based on magnetic resonance imaging, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.21, issue.9, pp.984-991, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2006.05.006

. Sangeux-m, H. Pillet, and S. W. , Which method of hip joint centre localisation should be used in gait analysis?, Gait & Posture, vol.40, issue.1, pp.20-25, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2014.01.024

C. Sauret, Fusing data between motion capture and D medical images, 3D-AHM, pp.327-330, 2015.

C. Sauret, H. Pillet, W. Skalli, and S. M. , On the use of knee functional calibration to determine the medio-lateral axis of the femur in gait analysis: Comparison with EOS biplanar radiographs as reference, Gait & Posture, vol.50, issue.50, pp.12180-184, 2016.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2016.09.008

B. Schlatterer, Skeletal landmarks for TKR implantations: Evaluation of their accuracy using EOS imaging acquisition system, Orthopaedics & Traumatology: Surgery & Research, vol.95, issue.1, pp.2-11, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.otsr.2008.05.001

T. Schmalz, Analysis of biomechanical effectiveness of valgus-inducing knee brace for osteoarthritis of knee, The Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, vol.47, issue.5, pp.419-429, 2010.
DOI : 10.1682/JRRD.2009.05.0067

L. Sharma, Varus and valgus alignment and incident and progressive knee osteoarthritis Available at, Ann Rheum Dis, vol.6969, issue.1111, pp.1940-1945, 1940.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.2010.129742

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2994600

M. Simic, Altering foot progression angle in people with medial knee osteoarthritis: the effects of varying toe-in and toe-out angles are??mediated by pain and malalignment, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.21, issue.9, pp.1272-1280, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2013.06.001

S. Van-sint-jan, Registration of 6-DOFs electrogoniometry and CT medical imaging for 3D joint modeling, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.35, issue.11, pp.1475-1484, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(02)00074-X

I. Söderkvist and P. Å. Wedin, Determining the movements of the skeleton using well-configured markers, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.26, issue.12, pp.1473-1477, 1993.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(93)90098-Y

A. Specogna, T. Birmingham, M. Hunt, I. Jones, T. Jenkyn et al., Radiographic Measures of Knee Alignment in Patients With Varus Gonarthrosis: Effect of Weightbearing Status and Associations With Dynamic Joint Load, The American Journal of Sports Medicine, vol.35, issue.1, pp.65-70, 2007.
DOI : 10.1177/0363546506293024

R. Stagni, Quantification of soft tissue artefact in motion analysis by combining 3D fluoroscopy and stereophotogrammetry: a study on two subjects, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.20, issue.3, pp.320-329, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2004.11.012

I. Südhoff, Comparing three attachment systems used to determine knee kinematics during gait. Gait and Posture, pp.533-543, 2007.

P. Than, Geometrical values of the normal and arthritic hip and knee detected with the EOS imaging system, International Orthopaedics, vol.52, issue.6, pp.1291-1297, 2012.
DOI : 10.1002/art.21100

L. E. Thorp, Relationship between pain and medial knee joint loading in mild radiographic knee osteoarthritis, Arthritis & Rheumatism, vol.51, issue.7, pp.1254-1260, 2007.
DOI : 10.7326/0003-4819-109-1-18

M. Toriyama, Effects of unloading bracing on knee and hip joints for patients with medial compartment knee osteoarthritis, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.26, issue.5, pp.497-503, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2011.01.003

A. Trepczynski, Modulation of the Relationship Between External Knee Adduction Moments and Medial Joint Contact Forces Across Subjects and Activities, Arthritis & Rheumatology, vol.18, issue.Suppl 1, pp.1218-1227, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2010.03.017

T. Tsai, Effects of soft tissue artifacts on the calculated kinematics and kinetics of the knee during stair-ascent, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.44, issue.6, pp.1182-1188, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2011.01.009

J. P. Walter, Decreased knee adduction moment does not guarantee decreased medial contact force during gait, Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol.286, issue.10, pp.1348-1354, 2010.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-198567080-00007

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2984615

D. R. Wilson, The components of passive knee movement are coupled to flexion angle, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.33, issue.4, pp.465-473, 2000.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(99)00206-7

G. Wu and P. R. Cavanagh, ISB recommendations for standardization in the reporting of kinematic data, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.28, issue.10, pp.1257-1261, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(95)00017-C

J. A. Zeni and J. S. Higginson, Differences in gait parameters between healthy subjects and persons with moderate and severe knee osteoarthritis: A result of altered walking speed?, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.24, issue.4, pp.372-378, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2009.02.001

W. Zhang, EULAR evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis, Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol.69, issue.3, pp.483-489, 2010.
DOI : 10.1136/ard.2009.113100

W. Zhang, OARSI recommendations for the management of hip and knee osteoarthritis, Osteoarthritis and Cartilage, vol.18, issue.4, pp.476-499, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.joca.2010.01.013

D. Zhao, Correlation between the knee adduction torque and medial contact force for a variety of gait patterns, Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol.30, issue.6, pp.789-797, 2007.
DOI : 10.1123/jab.22.2.120

C. Villa, X. Drevelle, K. Langlois, N. Martinet, F. Lavaste et al., Amputee people locomotion on crossslopes . 3D Analysis of Human Movement, 2014.

K. Langlois, N. Martinet, I. Loiret, P. Fode, F. Lavaste et al., Gait adjustments of transfemoral amputee gait on cross-slopes. Société Francaise de Médecine Physique et Réadaptation, 2014.

K. Langlois, C. Villa, X. Bonnet, F. Lavaste, P. Fode et al., Influence des capacités physiques de sujets amputés sur leurs adaptations à la marche en pente. Société Francaise d'Analyse du Mouvement chez l'Enfant et l'Adulte, 2014.

K. Langlois, F. Lavaste, and H. Pillet, The analysis of an original unloading brace for knee osteoarthritis, Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, vol.57
DOI : 10.1016/j.rehab.2014.03.133

K. Langlois, H. Pillet, F. Lavaste, W. Salinger, and P. Thoreux, Analyse d'une orthèse de décharge originale pour les arthroses du compartiment fémoro-tibial médial. Société Française de Chirurgie Orthopédique et Traumatologique, 2014.

K. Langlois, W. Salinger, H. Pillet, F. Lavaste, and P. Thoreux, Indicators to analysis of an original unloading brace for osteoarthritic knee. Société Francaise de Médecine Physique et Réadaptation, 2014.

K. Langlois, H. Pillet, F. Lavaste, and P. Thoreux, In vivo evaluation of the knee brace OdrA® on symptomatic knees with medial compartment osteoarthritis, Congrès francais de l'International Society of Prosthetics and Orthotics, 2015.

K. Langlois, A. Macron, E. Vacherand, F. Lavaste, P. Thoreux et al., Quantification du moment externe d'adduction en appui bipodal par recalage d'un modèle 3D osseux sur des captures par système opto électronique chez des sujets gonarthrosiques, 2016.

F. Lavaste, K. Langlois, P. Thoreux, and H. Pillet, Comportement mécanique et biomécanique de l'orthèse OdrA®, Congrès afa/ampan journées de perfectionnement en appareillage, pp.28-29

K. Langlois, C. Villa, X. Bonnet, F. Lavaste, P. Fodé et al., Influence des capacités physiques de sujets amputés sur leurs adaptations à la marche en pente, 13 ème journées de la SOFAMEA, pp.22-24, 2014.