Méthodes et structures non locales pour la restaurationd'images et de surfaces 3D

Abstract : In recent years, digital technologies allowing to acquire real world objects or scenes have been significantly improved in order to obtain high quality datasets. However, the acquired signal is corrupted by defects which can not be rectified materially and require the use of adapted restoration methods. Until the middle 2000s, these approaches were only based on a local process applyed on the damaged signal. With the improvement of computing performance, the neighborhood used by the filter has been extended to the entire acquired dataset by exploiting their self-similar nature. These non-local approaches have mainly been used to restore regular and structured data such as images. But in the extreme case of irregular and unstructured data as 3D point sets, their adaptation is few investigated at this time. With the increase amount of exchanged data over the communication networks, new non-local methods have recently been proposed. These can improve the quality of the restoration by using an a priori model extracted from large data sets. However, this kind of method is time and memory consuming. In this thesis, we first propose to extend the non-local methods for 3D point sets by defining a surface of points which exploits their self-similar of the point cloud. We then introduce a new flexible and generic data structure, called the CovTree, allowing to learn the distribution of a large set of samples with a limited memory capacity. Finally, we generalize collaborative restoration methods applied to 2D and 3D data by using our CovTree to learn a statistical a priori model from a large dataset.
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Thierry Guillemot. Méthodes et structures non locales pour la restaurationd'images et de surfaces 3D. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Télécom ParisTech, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENST0006⟩. ⟨tel-01595978⟩

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