La politique des pôles de compétitivité : une production de territoires

Abstract : The public action(share) to stimulate the economic development of territories aims more and more at favoring the innovation and the economy of the knowledge, perceived(collected) both as the conditions necessary for the development of the competitiveness, at the same time the companies and the territories. This thesis(theory) concerns a French politics(policy) committed(hired) in this reference table of the competitiveness in 2004: the politics(policy) of the poles of competitiveness. The latter, registered on the confluence of industrial policies and arrangement(development), has for objective to stimulate innovative and collaborative behavior between the circles of the economy, the higher education and the search(research) for the same territory through the constitution of " poles of competitiveness ". We are interested in an aspect still little studied by these poles of competitiveness: their impact in the territorial governance. Indeed, we show, from an analysis compared between six case studies of the southwest, that the poles appear as structures of intermediation, favoring certainly the collaborative action between economic and scientific players of the same territory, but also and especially between politico-administrative actors up to there been little used to work together. In that respect, the politics of the poles renews the modes of territorial public management. Two aspects are then developed during the thesis(theory): on one hand the way the State conceives(designs) the poles of competitiveness as new spaces renewing the interactions between the economic and politico-administrative players (of various sectors and various levels); and on the other hand, the way these poles emerge and strengthen as full entities having a clean(appropriate) functioning and a role to play in the territorial governance. The case of the poles of competitiveness so allows us to return on the notion of territory, which does not coincide any more with the definition of a district. By mobilizing Claude Raffestin's works, we consider the poles as intermittent territories, organized in network, developing functionings appropriate(peculiar) to each " in the search(research) for the biggest possible autonomy considering the resources of the system "
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Lucie Renou. La politique des pôles de compétitivité : une production de territoires. Science politique. Université Paris-Est, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1186⟩. ⟨tel-01617050⟩

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