Comparison of different scenarios of suspended solids production in a combined sewer system using an adapted hydrodynamic model

Abstract : Despite their disappointing performance, urban stormwater quality models are still considered to be a potentially efficient decision making tool to control combined sewer overflows (CSOs) and thus are receiving ongoing investments to improve their quality. In this respect, in-sewer sediments are now widely recognized for their preponderant contribution to the pollution of CSOs assigning therefore a particular importance to mastering sewer processes module when refining these models. Recent studies conducted on in-sewer sediments in one of the extensively investigated urban catchments in Paris, Le Marais, highlighted new elements that could be helpful when addressing this module: (1) the existence of quasi-steady sewer grits deforming sewer characteristics and thus suspected to modify sewer flow conditions; (2) the identification of the potentially eroded sediment type during wet weather that is formed at the upstream parts of the Marais main trunks, the organic layer, that showed a cohesive like characteristic during in-situ flushing experiments. A site specific model for the Marais catchment is developed in this thesis adopting a semi-distributed configuration to examine the effect of integrating these field observations in its structure on the simulation of outfall discharges’ quality.In the first part, an evaluation of the impact of considering the sewer grits in the hydrodynamic module on the solid production and transfer processes in sewer system was carried out. To do so, a special modelling tool was necessary in order to handle sewer flow over a complex bathymetry. So, a well-balanced Godunov numerical scheme was developed and verified against some reference test cases before being extended to the Marais sewer scale. Results showed a significant impact of these coarse deposits on the hydraulic parameters. Solid production was demonstrated to be more sensible to this impact than the transfer processes.In the second place, previous findings obtained on combined sewer systems having no organic layer and high sewer contribution along with those obtained on the Marais were deeply investigated to identify the real role of this organic layer in sewer wet weather production. Results showed that this latter is only a minor source for wet weather erosion. To identify the major source, a quality module based on Skipworth erosion formulation and simple advection equation was used to test several scenarios of sewer sediment localization. The benchmark confirmed that the organic layer is not the major source of sewer production and that another source is preponderant and that can be located at the upstream branches as well as along the principal collectors with more probability of the former case
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Mohamad Rammal. Comparison of different scenarios of suspended solids production in a combined sewer system using an adapted hydrodynamic model. Hydrology. Université Paris-Est, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PESC1149⟩. ⟨tel-01617941⟩

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