Procédé de séparation par formation sélective d'hydrates de gaz pour la valorisation du biogaz

Abstract : Biogas represents an alternative path to fossil energies. It is composed mainly by methane and carbon dioxide. This couple must be separated in a gas separation process. In recent years, the new process based on gas hydrate formation (GSHF) has taken special attention in academic community. Besides, the use of thermodynamic promoters can increase the efficiency of the process. Since GSFH is based on phase transition phenomenon, knowledge about phase equilibria is essential. In this project, we have selected and studied four thermodynamic promoters (tretrabutylammonium bromide / TBAB; tetrabutylphosphonium bromide / TBPB; tributylphosphine oxide / TBPO; tetrahydropyran / THP) that have potential to improve GSFH process of biogas in terms of stability gain (less energy consumption), kinetics and selectivity. One part of this project consisted in determining the gas hydrate equilibrium conditions involving these promoters and the different gas phases (CO2, CH4 and simulated biogas). Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) methods were applied to measure the phase transition temperatures. Therefore, new phase equilibrium data were determined for the promoter/gas hydrate systems. In the second part of the project, we carried out quantitative measurements in an instrumented reactor in order to evaluate the GSFH process for upgrading biogas. Each promoter was evaluated in kinetics and thermodynamics aspects, such as crystal growth rate, amount of gas trapped into the hydrate phase, and selectivity. The optimization of the hydrate formation / dissociation cycle showed excellent results in terms of kinetics improvement.
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Luiz Paulo Sales Silva. Procédé de séparation par formation sélective d'hydrates de gaz pour la valorisation du biogaz. Génie chimique. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLY021⟩. ⟨tel-01627566⟩

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