Sur les sous-groupes profinis des groupes algébriques linéaires

Abstract : In this thesis, we are interested in the profinite and pro-p subgroups of a connected linear algebraic group defined over a local field. In the first chapter, we briefly summarize the Bruhat-Tits theory and introduce the notations necessary for this work. In the second chapter we find conditions equivalent to the existence of maximal compact subgroups of any connected linear algebraic group G defined over a local field K. In the third chapter, we obtain a conjugacy theorem of the maximal pro-p subgroups of G(K) when G is reductive. We describe these subgroups, more and more precisely, assuming successively that G is semi-simple, then simply connected, then quasi-split in addition. In the fourth chapter, we are interested in the pro-p presentations of a maximal pro-p subgroup of the group of rational points of a quasi-split semi-simple algebraic group G defined over a local field K. More specifically, we compute the minimum number of generators of a maximal pro-p subgroup. We obtain a formula which is linear in the rank of a certain root system, which depends on the ramification of the minimal extension L=K which splits G, thus making explicit the contributions of the Lie theory and of the arithmetic of the base field.
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Benoit Loisel. Sur les sous-groupes profinis des groupes algébriques linéaires. Théorie des groupes [math.GR]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLX024⟩. ⟨tel-01628480⟩

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