Development of multi-physics and multi-scale Best Effort Modelling of pressurized water reactor under accidental situations

Abstract : The safety analysis of nuclear power plants requires a deep understanding of underlying key physical phenomena that determine the integrity of the physical containment barriers. At the present time, cutting edge models focus on a single aspect (discipline) of the physical system coupled with rough models of the other aspects needed to simulate the global system. But, safety analyses can be carried out based on Multiphysics and Multiscales modelling. This Best Effort approach would give a full and accurate (High Fidelity) comprehension of the reactor core under standard and accidental situations. In this approach, the physical phenomena are simulated as accurately as possible (according to present knowledge) by coupled models in the most efficient way. For example, codes exists that are accurate modellings of Neutronics, or modellings of thermal fluid mechanics inside the core, or modellings of thermal fluid mechanics over the whole system, or modellings of thermal mechanics of the fuel pin or over the whole device structure. A Best Estimate approach would couple these models in order to realize a global and accurate modelling of the Nuclear reactor. This approach requires to define well the models that are used in order to exactly specify their limits, and hence, specify uncertainties of the coupled model results in order to assume and optimize them.It is in this context that this PhD thesis work is being under taken. It consists in the development of a Multi-physics and multi-scale Best Estimate modelling in order to obtain an accurate analysis of Pressurized Water Reactor under standard and accidental operating situations. It mainly involves the understanding of each model and their interactions, followed by the implementation of multiphysics algorithms coupling Neutronics and Thermohydraulics at reactor scale to an accurate Thermomechanics at the elementary scale of the fuel pin. In addition, a work project has been carried out in order to prepare or improve the access to the local physical informations that are needed for the implementation of multiscale coupling scheme, at the elementary scale of the fuel pin.
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Alexandre Targa. Development of multi-physics and multi-scale Best Effort Modelling of pressurized water reactor under accidental situations. Physics [physics]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLX032⟩. ⟨tel-01628481⟩

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