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étude du couplage élastique au sein d'hétérostructures cœur-coquille à base d'analogues du bleu de Prusse

Abstract : The optical control of the physical properties of a material has drawn considerable attention during the past few years for a fundamental point of view and for applications. The originality of the project developed during this thesis was based on the synthesis and the study of photo-magnetic heterostructures in a temperature range convenient for applications. The approach consisted of developing multiferroic-like heterostructures that associate a piezomagnetic phase and a photo-strictive phase. The idea was to exploit the coupling of elastic origin between these properties, to allow the observation of photo-magnetic effects at temperatures higher than those reported for single-phase materials. The photo-strictive phase can deform under light irradiation, generating biaxial strain in the magnetic phase. If the piezomagnetic response of the latter is high enough, its magnetization could be modulated, especially at the vicinity of the Curie temperature, with a possible shift of the critical temperature under stress. In this project, we focused on molecular solids based on polycyanometallates, namely Prussian blue analogues, whose generic formula is AxM[M’(CN)6]y . zH2O (where A is an alkali metal and M,M transition metals). We used the compound Rb0,5Co[Fe(CN)6]0,8 . zH2O for the photo-strictive phase and Rb0,2Ni[Cr(CN)6]0,7 . z’H2O or K0,2Ni[Cr(CN)6]0,7 . z’H2O for the magnetic phase. These two phases have a lattice mismatch of 5.3%The main objective of this work was to understand and to control the elastic coupling between the core and the shell. We first highlighted the existence of this coupling, the presence of the shell changing the photo-switching properties of the core, and the deformation of the crystalline lattice of the core inducing structural and magnetic modifications in the shell. Then, we focused on the study of different parameters which can have an impact on the behavior of the heterostructures under light irradiation. We showed that the volumic ratio between the core and the shell is a key factor to control the efficiency of the coupling. The microstructure of the shell can also play an important role, but is not as well understood. In the end, we studied other Prussian blue analogs shells in order to change the lattice mismatch between the core and the shell. We could evidence that by reducing the lattice mismatch we tend to increase the coupling, but if this coupling is to strong, the retroaction of the shell hinders completely the dilatation of the core lattice. The idea is also to find a compromise between the strength of the coupling and the strength of the shell retroaction. In the end, we proved that we cannot associate the effect of the shell to an hydrostatic pressure, but that the coupling of the crystalline lattices play an important role in the synergy between the two phases.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 11, 2017 - 11:23:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:40:00 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01661397, version 1

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Adeline Adam. étude du couplage élastique au sein d'hétérostructures cœur-coquille à base d'analogues du bleu de Prusse. Science des matériaux [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLX076⟩. ⟨tel-01661397⟩

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