Ab-initio description of optical nonlinear properties of semiconductors under an electrostatic field

Abstract : A deep understanding of the optical properties of solids is crucial for the improvement of nonlinear materials and devices.It offers the opportunity to search for new materials with specific properties.One way to tune some of those properties is to apply an electrostatic field. This gives rise to electro-optic effects.The most known among those is the Pockel or linear electro-optic effect (LEO), which is a second order response property.An important nonlinear process is the second harmonic generation (SHG), where two photons are absorbed bythe material and a photon is emitted at twice the energy of the incoming photon. While this process is sensitive tothe symmetry of the material, adding a static field would enable a nonlinear response from every material,including centrosymmetric ones. This happens through a third order process, named EFISH (Electric Field Induced Second Harmonic).We have developed a theoretical approach and a numerical tool to study these two nonlinear properties (LEO and EFISH)in the context of Time-dependent Density Functional Theory (TDDFT), and we have applied it to the case of bulk SiC andGaAs as well as layered systems such as Si/Ge.
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Lucie Prussel. Ab-initio description of optical nonlinear properties of semiconductors under an electrostatic field. Condensed Matter [cond-mat]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLX051⟩. ⟨tel-01661472⟩

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