Depth map estimation from stereo images and mathematical morphology

Abstract : In this thesis, we introduce new approaches dedicated to the computation of depth maps associated with a pair of stereo images.The main difficulty of this problem resides in the establishment of correspondences between the two stereoscopic images. Indeed, it is difficult to ascertain the relevance of matches occurring in homogeneous areas, whilst matches are infeasible for pixels occluded in one of the stereo views.In order to handle these two problems, our methods are composed of two steps. First, we search for reliable depth measures, by comparing the two images of the stereo pair with the help of their associated segmentations. The analysis of image superimposition costs, on a regional basis and across multiple scales, allows us to perform relevant cost aggregations, from which we deduce accurate disparity measures. Furthermore, this analysis facilitates the detection of the reference image areas, which are potentially occluded in the other image of the stereo pair. Second, an interpolation mechanism is devoted to the estimation of depth values, where no correspondence could have been established.The manuscript is divided into two parts: the first will allow the reader to become familiar with the problems and issues frequently encountered when analysing stereo images. A brief introduction to morphological image processing is also provided. In the second part, our algorithms to the computation of depth maps are introduced, detailed and evaluated.
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Jean-Charles Bricola. Depth map estimation from stereo images and mathematical morphology. Signal and Image processing. PSL Research University, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016PSLEM046⟩. ⟨tel-01668605⟩

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