Coding of depth maps by elastic deformations of curves

Abstract : In multiple-view video plus depth, depth maps can be represented by means of grayscale images and the corresponding temporal sequence can be thought as a standard grayscale video sequence. However depth maps have different properties from natural images: they present large areas of smooth surfaces separated by sharp edges. Arguably the most important information lies in object contours, as a consequence an interesting approach consists in performing a lossless coding of the contour map, possibly followed by a lossy coding of per-object depth values. In this context, we propose a new technique for the lossless coding of object contours, based on the elastic deformation of curves. A continuous evolution of elastic deformations between two reference contour curves can be modelled, and an elastically deformed version of the reference contours can be sent to the decoder with an extremely small coding cost and used as side information to improve the lossless coding of the actual contour. After the main discontinuities have been captured by the contour description, the depth field inside each region is rather smooth. We proposed and tested two different techniques for the coding of the depth field inside each region. The first technique performs the shape-adaptive wavelet transform followed by the shape-adaptive version of SPIHT. The second technique performs a prediction of the depth field from its subsampled version and the set of coded contours. It is generally recognized that a high quality view rendering at the receiver side is possible only by preserving the contour information, since distortions on edges during the encoding step would cause a sensible degradation on the synthesized view and on the 3D perception. We investigated this claim by conducting a subjective quality assessment test to compare an object-based technique and a hybrid block-based techniques for the coding of depth maps.
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Marco Calemme. Coding of depth maps by elastic deformations of curves. Signal and Image processing. Télécom ParisTech, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016ENST0048⟩. ⟨tel-01677230⟩

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