Growth of Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) layers on functionalized surfaces

Abstract : Within this work we investigate synthesis conditions for the direct growth of Fe3+/H2BDC and Fe3+/H2NDC MOFs onto functionalized silicon (111) surfaces exhibiting well-defined structure and whose surface chemistry can be tailored in order to favor/direct the heterogeneous nucleation and growth of the MOFs. Growth mechanism of relevant MOFs at chosen conditions and flexible properties of MIL-88B and MIL-88C frameworks are presented as well with the assistance of post-synthesis treatment results.Regarding the system of Fe3+/H2BDC morphologies and structures of obtained layers strongly depend both on surface chemistry of grafted monolayers and also on the synthesis conditions (temperature, solution composition and reaction time). Oriented MIL-88B crystals along [001] direction is only observed onto COOH-functionalized surfaces and was found to be favored in presence of ligand excess in solution. The formation of textured MIL-101 phase along [111] direction on pyridyl and hydroxyl terminated Si surfaces is observed irrespective of the synthesis condition. Isolated MIL-101crystals with preferred orientation along [111] direction was also found on acid terminated surface at excess of metal, whereas randomly oriented MIL-101 islands are observed at ratio R≧1. In contrary, no film growth happened on methyl terminated Si surfaces. Introduction of HCl, H2O and organic weak base-triethylamine into the precursor solutions also affects the formation of MOF films with various morphologies and coverage between MIL-101 and MIL-88B on carboxylic terminated Si surfaces. Time dependence of film growth at excess of ligand (R=2) and at excess of metal (R=0.5) without and with addition of HCl indicates clearly that both of MIL-88B and MIL-101 follows a Volmer-Weber growth mode, during which, isolated three-dimensional crystals or clusters formed at initial stage and grew both laterally and vertically on the surface.As to the system of Fe3+/H2NDC, depending on the synthesis conditions including temperature, ratio of ligand to [Fe3+] and [Fe3+] concentration only one phase-MIL-88C with variable surface coverage ranging from separated hexagonal crystals to layers composed of isolated bundles of hexagonal crystallites all with preferential orientation along [001] direction was observed. Evolution of MIL-88C crystals along with crystallization time also suggests a Volmer-Weber mode.Ex-situ XRD measurements of post-treatment towards the as-synthesized layers comprised of MIL-88B and MIL-88C respectively demonstrate their flexibility during molecule desorption. Tentative in-situ XRD measurements also show the reversibility of MIL-88C framework upon ethanol uptake and release.
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Hongye Yuan. Growth of Metal Organic Frameworks (MOFs) layers on functionalized surfaces. Material chemistry. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLX058⟩. ⟨tel-01680169⟩

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