Une méthode hybride couplant la méthode des équations intégrales et la méthode des rayons en vue d'applications au contrôle non destructif ultrasonore.

Laure Pesudo 1
1 POEMS - Propagation des Ondes : Étude Mathématique et Simulation
Inria Saclay - Ile de France, UMA - Unité de Mathématiques Appliquées, CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique : UMR7231
Abstract : Non Destructive Testing (NDT) aims at probing a medium to check its integrity and aging. Withthe help of simulation tools, it allows to detect, caracterize and locate flaws inside a material with a precisiondepending on that of the simulation methods. Usual numerical and asymptotic methods nevertheless often failat precisely computing diffraction for ultrasonic NDT. Hybrid approaches are thus prefered in this framework.In this thesis, we propose a new hybrid strategy combining the boundary integral equation method and raytracing to compute high frequency diffraction of an obstacle in a large medium (critical NDT configuration).This strategy allows to compute precisely the diffraction effects and to convert and propagate the diffractedfield as rays. The proposed strategy relies on a two-scale model of the diffracting obstacle. First developpedto simulate acoustic waves diffraction on an obstacle of size less than the wave length (barycentric method),the hybrid strategy is then extended to compute the diffraction by an obstacle of size some wave lengths(polycentric method) thanks to the introduction of a partition of unity of the obstacle surface. Besides, inorder to accelerate the hybrid approach, we propose an Online-Offline resolution procedure based on theOffline computation of the scattering matrix for a reduced set of incidence and observation directions and onthe use of a polynomial interpolation of its singular vectors for the Online evaluation of the scattering matrixfor any incidence and observation directions. We then study the possibility of extension of the hybrid strategyto 3D acoutics and elastodynamics. We finally give several perspectives for the adaptation of the approach todeal with diffraction by one or several obstacles potentially close to the propagating medium boundaries.
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Laure Pesudo. Une méthode hybride couplant la méthode des équations intégrales et la méthode des rayons en vue d'applications au contrôle non destructif ultrasonore.. Analyse numérique [math.NA]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLY009⟩. ⟨tel-01680366⟩

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