Shrinkage and creep of cement-based materials under multiaxial load : poromechanical modeling for application in nuclear industry

Abstract : The main interest of the thesis is the long-term mechanical behavior of the containment building of french nuclear power plants. The containment buildings of the power plants are biaxially prestressed concrete structures. Therefore, we summarize the problem of interest into two following key points: biaxiality of load and long-term delayed strain.In order to characterize the delayed strain under biaxial load, our study first concentrates on the viscoelastic Poisson's ratio of concrete. In this purpose, we start by scrutinizing the definition of Poisson's ratio in non-aging linear isotropic viscoelasticity. Then, from the analysis of experimental results from the literature, we can obtain the viscoelastic Poisson's ratio of concrete. As an extension, we use micromechanics to shed some light on the long-term creep mechanism of the C-S-H gel.In a second step, we aim at proposing a poroviscoelastic model without postulating a priori the classical decomposition of delayed strains. We start by identifying the major experimental tendencies and physical phenomena that we aim at capturing with the model. From experimental data of autogenous shrinkage and basic creep from the literature, we analyze the possible physical origin of long-term autogenous shrinkage. In the end, a physics-based poroviscoelastic model is proposed, derived from the poromechanics theory. The prediction of the model is compared with experimental results from literature
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Abudushalamu Aili. Shrinkage and creep of cement-based materials under multiaxial load : poromechanical modeling for application in nuclear industry. Materials. Université Paris-Est, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1014⟩. ⟨tel-01682129⟩

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