Développement de systèmes de microscopie par cohérence optique pour l'imagerie de la peau

Jonas Ogien 1
1 Laboratoire Charles Fabry / Biophotonique
LCF - Laboratoire Charles Fabry
Abstract : Optical coherence microscopy (OCM) is a technique for tomographic imaging based on white light interferometry, making it possible to image biological media with micrometer-scale spatial resolution. OCM is particularly well-suited to dermatological imaging, especially skin cancer diagnosis, since it provides images that are similar to histological images without the need for biopsy.This PhD thesis focuses on the development of OCM for skin imaging, with the aim of providing a compact, in vivo imaging tool for the dermatologist, capable of acquiring structural and functional images of the skin.A compact, full-field OCM (FF-OCM) system illuminated by a white LED was first developed, making it possible to obtain tomographic images at an ultra-high resolution (0.7 μm × 1.8 μm), up to ∼200 μm in depth within the skin. Using a high power LED, in vivo skin images could be obtained.Using this FF-OCM setup, functional imaging methods for blood flow mapping (angiography) were implemented. Four methods, based on temporal or frequency analysis of the interferometric signal, phase images or amplitude images, have been shown to be able to image intralipid flow within a model blood capillary.Functional polarimetric imaging has also been explored in FF-OCM. Contrast optimization in polarimetric images has been obtained by modifying the polarizing components of the conventional polarization sensitive FF-OCM setup depending on the sample to be imaged. This method has been tested on a simple polarizing sample.Finally, a new OCM method, line-field confocal OCM (LC-OCM), has been studied. The goal here was to develop a system capable of imaging the skin in vivo, with a tissue penetration depth greater than what is possible for FF-OCM. This system, which combines interferometric filtering and confocal filtering, makes it possible to obtain in vivo skin images in vertical and en face slices, with a spatial resolution similar to that of FF-OCM, but with a greater penetration depth of 300 μm.
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Jonas Ogien. Développement de systèmes de microscopie par cohérence optique pour l'imagerie de la peau. Optique [physics.optics]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLO011⟩. ⟨tel-01683099⟩

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