Critères d’optimisation des alliages de TITane pouraméliorer leur USinabilité

Abstract : The massive introduction of titanium alloys onto the aeronautical structures parts has raised new problems in the machining process. Because of their low thermal properties (refractory materials), they are considered as difficult to cut material. The industrial aim is therefore to improve the productivity of the titanium alloy’s machining and to reduce their costs. Some research on Ti6Al4V α + β, Ti54M and β-treated Ti6Al4V cutting was carried out to point out machinability’s differences between these three materials. This work highlights a strong influence of the orthotropic behavior and the heterogeneity of the lamellar microstructure as well as the grain size of the β-treated Ti6Al4V on cutting. The study on the tool wear diffusion shows that the main diffusion element is titanium and therefore no difference is observed between those three materials. To check that diffusion is the main wear mode, instrumented drilling tests with a wireless temperature measurement device were performed. Temperatures behind the cutting edge reach temperatures above 500 °C for low cutting speeds. At this temperature the phenomenon of diffusion is thermally activated. Finally, in order to have an understanding of the machinability consistencies, a research on the materials’ behavior (Johnson-Cook) and the implementation of a numerical simulation were realized. The simulations carried out, using the previously identified behavior’s laws, model precisely the machining of the Ti6Al4V α+β and Ti54M. The heterogeneity of the β-treated Ti6Al4V does not allow a good modeling of the chip formation. Polycrystalline modeling would be more appropriate.
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Christophe Ramirez. Critères d’optimisation des alliages de TITane pouraméliorer leur USinabilité. Mécanique [physics.med-ph]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017ENAM0006⟩. ⟨tel-01685501⟩

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