Etude du comportement sous irradiation γ et électronique de matrices cimentaires et de leurs hydrates constitutifs

Abstract : In order to treat the technological waste arising from the dismantling of the Marcoule Vitrification facility of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), conditioning in a cement matrix is being put forward. Within this context, the impact of ionizing radiation produced by the nuclear waste on the confinement matrix ought to be investigated in order to ensure both the integrity of the package and the limitation of the radiolytic gas production. This thesis investigates the behavior of three types of cement compounds with distinct constituents under gamma and electronic radiation. This study deals with both the radiolytic gas production and the physical resistance of the materials using a structural modification examination. A double and complementary approach is used treating cement pastes and synthetic cement compounds together. It clearly appears that the pore water and the hydrates themselves both contribute to the radiolytic hydrogen production, with a significant variation depending on the nature of the materials. As far as radiolysis is concerned, calcium aluminate-based cements and magnesium phosphate cements are of considerable interest in comparison with the usual calcium silicate cements. At very high doses (GGy range), the structural resistance under electron irradiation was evaluated by X-ray diffraction. The constituent hydrates of the three cement types studied exhibit a good structural resistance. Despite the presence of dimensional variations at the unit cell scale as well as microstructural evolution, no amorphization is observed under irradiation, which is an interesting result with respect to the intended industrial application.
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Loren Acher. Etude du comportement sous irradiation γ et électronique de matrices cimentaires et de leurs hydrates constitutifs. Matériaux. Université Paris-Saclay, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017SACLX045⟩. ⟨tel-01687546⟩

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