Interaction laser-plasma ultra-intense à densité proche-critique pour l'accélération d'ions.

Abstract : Interaction of ultra-intense, ultra-short laser with matter gives rise to a wealth of phenomena, due to the coupling between the electromagnetic field and the plasma. The non-linear coupling excites collective plasma processes able to sustain intense electric fields up to 1TV/m. This property spurred early interest in laser accelerator as compact, next-generation source of accelerated electrons and ions. Laser-driven ion source of several MeV was demonstrated in early 2000 an various mechanisms had been suggest to improve the their properties. These first ion sources have been obtained on solid targets, called “overdense”. Target innovation has driven the improvement of these sources. In the continuity of this dynamic, new gaseous targets had been proposed in order to relax the constraints that solid targets impose on laser contrast and repetition rate. Recent experimental demonstrations of monoenergetic ion acceleration in gas renew the interest in such targets, called under-dense or near-critical because of their intermediate densities. At near-critical density the laser can propagate, but undergoes significant absorbtion, giving rise to the accelerating structures of plasma shocks and magnetic vortex.The work presented in this thesis is an experimental exploration of the plasma conditions required to drive ion acceleration in gaseous near-critical target. For the first time, these regimes are explored with an ultra-intense, femtosecond laser of 150TW. A part of this work has been dedicated to the design of an innovative gas target, suited for plasma density and gradient constraints set by these regimes. Then the experimental works describe laser propagation and electron acceleration in near-critical targets. Finally the last part report the efficient production of an atomic beam from a laser-driven ion source.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01690793, version 1

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Florian Mollica. Interaction laser-plasma ultra-intense à densité proche-critique pour l'accélération d'ions.. Physique [physics]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016SACLX058⟩. ⟨tel-01690793⟩

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