Modelling bed-load sediment transport through a granular approach in SPH

Abstract : This thesis presents the development and application of a Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) model to bed-load transport. While state of the art simulation methods commonly rely on a fluid dynamics solver coupled to semi-empirical relationships to model the sediment transport, a completely different approach is investigated in this work. The sediment is treated as a continuum whose behaviour law takes account for its granular nature. citepos{ulrich2013smoothed} elastic-viscoplastic model is thus implemented in an in-house code based on the Cuda language, and improved on physical and numerical aspects. The sediment behaviour depends on a yield stress determined according to Drucker-Prager's criterion. In unyielded regions, the shear stresses are calculated in line with the linear elastic theory. In yielded regions, a shear thinning rheological law is used and the transitions between solid and liquid states are ensured by a blending function driven by the strain rate magnitude and sediment granular properties. Water and sediment are modelled as two immiscible phases in the frame of a multi-phase SPH model with semi-analytical wall boundary conditions cite{ferrand2013unified}. An implicit viscous forces integration scheme is also developed to improve the code performance as for low-Reynolds flows.The multi-phase model, as well as the implicit viscous forces integration scheme, were validated on analytical test cases and good agreement was obtained. The multi-phase formulation has also proven its capability to handle flows involving high density ratio, while the implicit viscous forces integration scheme was successfully applied to the simulation of a non-Newtonian flow. The elastic-viscoplastic model was tested on dry and submerged granular flow problems. The model was able to correctly capture the liquid and solid states of the granular material, as well as the failure and the regime transitions. It was also applied to bed-load transport problems for which a good agreement with the experiment was generally found
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Alex Ghaïtanellis. Modelling bed-load sediment transport through a granular approach in SPH. Dynamique, vibrations. Université Paris-Est, 2017. English. ⟨NNT : 2017PESC1087⟩. ⟨tel-01699009⟩

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